Franz Xaver von Auffenberg

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Franz Xaver Freiherr von Auffenberg (1744-23 December 1815) was a general in the Austrian army.

Biography[edit]

He began his career as an oberst in the 1793 Austrian Netherlands campaign of the War of the First Coalition. He was promoted major general in February 1797 for his service at the battle of Würzburg and battle of Wetzlar. During the War of the Second Coalition he commanded a corps in the Swiss Graubünden. On 7 March 1799 he was beaten on the Luziensteig by André Masséna and his force and he was captured the following day when he withdrew to Chur.

He was freed after the Treaty of Lunéville and rejoined the Austrian army, commanding a force of 5,500 men as a fieldmarshal-lieutenant during the War of the Third Coalition. From 1803 to 1807 he was owner and honorary oberst of the 37th Infantry Regiment. At Wertingen on 8 October 1805 he was beaten by French troops under Joachim Murat. His defeat there opened the way to Austria's defeat at Ulm and Jena and so he was court martialled in 1805, placed on the inactive list and dismissed from the army in 1807.

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