Fred Parkinson Holliday
|Fred Parkinson Holliday|
|Born||20 February 1888
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
|Died||5 March 1960
|Allegiance|| United Kingdom
Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
|Battles/wars||First World War
Second World War
|Awards||Distinguished Service Order
Air Force Cross
Fred Parkinson Holliday DSO, MC, AFC (20 February 1888 – 5 March 1980) was an Australian fighter pilot and ace of the First World War. He shot down 17 German aircraft between his entry into the war and its end, making him the 11th highest-scoring Australian-born pilot of the war. He served with the RFC and RAF throughout, in the No. 48 Squadron. He was awarded the Military Cross on 26 July 1917 for a particularly successful encounter with five German aircraft, and was later given the Distinguished Service Order.
Born in Fitzroy, Victoria, as a youth Holliday was sent to Britain to complete his schooling, attending grammar school in Brighton. He served in the Sussex Yeomanry for three years, but after completing further studies in electrical and mechanical engineering moved to Canada. In September 1914, he enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force as a sapper in the Canadian Engineers. He was appointed a temporary Second Lieutenant in December 1915, and he subsequently transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, serving first as an observer and then as a pilot.
He survived the war and after working briefly in Sweden, Holliday returned to Canada. He saw further service in the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War, reaching the rank of group captain. He died at the age of 72.
Awards and honours
- 26 July 1917 – Temp. Lt. Fred Parkinson Holliday, Gen. List and RFC is awarded the Military Cross For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. In company with another pilot he attacked five hostile aircraft, setting one on fire, driving down another out of control, and dispersing the remainder. He has previously done fine work, bringing down eight hostile machines in all.
- 25 August 1917 – T./Lt. Fred Parkinson Holliday, Gen. List and RFC is awarded the Distinguished Service Order – For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. By his initiative and skilful manoeuvring he led six hostile machines to an encounter with our own formation, during which five out of the six hostile machines were destroyed and driven down. He had been equally successful the day before in misleading hostile aircraft, and his originality and fearless example were of the greatest value to his squadron. 
- 30 May 1919 – Capt. (A./Maj.) Fred Parkinson Holliday, DSO, MC (Can. Eng) is awarded the Air Force Cross.
- "Fred Parkinson Holliday". The Aerodrome. Retrieved 2014-11-02.
- The London Gazette: . 24 December 1915. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- The London Gazette: . 26 July 1917. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- The London Gazette: . 25 August 1917. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- The London Gazette: . 30 May 1919. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- Gutman, J. Bristol F2 Fighter Aces of World War 1. London: Osprey Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-84603-201-1.