Frederic de Hoffmann
Frederic de Hoffmann (July 8, 1924 in Vienna – October 4, 1989 in La Jolla) was a nuclear physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project. He came to the United States of America in 1941 and graduated from Harvard University in 1945 (he also received a master's in 1947 and a doctorate in 1948). Before graduating, de Hoffmann was sent to Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1944 where he assisted Edward Teller in the development of the Hydrogen bomb. Frederic de Hoffmann was an advocate of peaceful atomic energy.
After leaving Los Alamos, de Hoffmann collaborated with Hans Bethe and Silvan Schweber on a textbook called Mesons and Fields and became chairman of the Committee of Senior Reviewers of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. He received his Ph.D from Julian Schwinger in 1948.
Frederic De Hoffmann moved to the General Dynamics Corporation in 1955. That year he was recruited by John Jay Hopkins to found General Atomic and serve as its first president. This organization's purpose was to manufacture nuclear reactors for energy production, and sell them on the open market. In the late '50s he organized Project Orion, a plan for a spaceship to be propelled by nuclear bombs.
De Hoffmann joined the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in 1970 and served as its president for 18 years. He was also the chairman and chief executive officer of the Salk Institute Biotechnology-Industry Associates Inc. When de Hoffmann retired in 1988 he was named the institute's president emeritus. He died in 1989 of AIDS, which he contracted in 1984 from an infected blood transfusion he received during surgery.
- Stevens, William K. (1989-10-07). "Frederic de Hoffmann, 65, Dies; Physicist and Salk Institute Chief". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
- Dyson, George (2002). Project Orion. Great Britain: Penguin Books. p. 31.
- Mehra, Jagdish; Milton, Kimball A. (2000). Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger. Oxford University Press. p. 153. ISBN 0-19-850658-9.
- Seidel, Robert W. (May 1995). "Technology transfer: Half-way houses" (17). Department of Energy. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- "Frederic de Hoffmann". Sarasota herald-Tribune. 1989-10-07. pp. 7B. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- Dyson, Freeman J. (1996). Selected papers of Freeman Dyson with commentary. United States: American Mathematical Society. p. 26.
- "Many fall victim to AIDS". Gadsden Times. 1989-12-31. pp. A18. Retrieved 2010-03-12.