Frederick Hervey, 4th Marquess of Bristol

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Captain Hervey in 1906 or earlier

Rear-Admiral Frederick William Fane Hervey, 4th Marquess of Bristol (8 November 1863–24 October 1951)[1] was a British nobleman, naval officer and Conservative Party politician.[2]


Hervey was the son of Lord Augustus Henry Charles Hervey (1837–1875), the younger brother of the 3rd Marquess of Bristol. He was born in Dresden, Germany where his father was stationed.[1]

He was educated at Tonbridge School and Eastman’s Royal Naval Academy before joining HMS Britannia as a cadet in January 1877.[1] He was a midshipman by the age of 15.

Naval and political career[edit]

In August 1901 he was appointed to command the cruiser HMS Prometheus,[3] which was commissioned to serve in the Channel Squadron the following September.[4] He was promoted to Captain on 31 December 1901,[5] and later became a Rear Admiral.[6] He retired from active service under this role in May 1911.[1]

Hervey was elected at the general election in January 1906 as Member of Parliament (MP) for Bury St Edmunds, but automatically resigned in August the following year when he succeeded his uncle in the peerages.[2] He later became chairman of West Suffolk County Council from 1915 to 1934.[1]


Alice Frances Theodora Wythes in 1915

The 4th Marquess married the heiress Alice Frances Theodora Wythes (1875–1957) in 1896. They had two daughters, Lady Phyllis Hervey and Lady Marjorie Hervey.[6] Marjorie married John Erskine, Lord Erskine.

In 1907 the family moved from the lodge into Ickworth House, the family seat, which like most pre-War English country houses, maintained a large retinue. Feudal traditions still held sway, and the estate’s tenants did not dare complain of poor housing, according to a memoir by the village schoolmistress. The 4th Marquess’s brother was Lord Manner Hervey, rector 1900–1944 of the nearby village of Horringer, who also took services at Ickworth Church, the younger brother preaching to the elder.[7]

Lord Bristol was succeeded by his youngest brother Lord Herbert Hervey.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e "The Marquess Of Bristol". The Times. 25 October 1951. p. 8. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36548). London. 31 August 1901. p. 4.
  4. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36551). London. 4 September 1901. p. 8.
  5. ^ "No. 27393". The London Gazette. 3 January 1902. p. 3.
  6. ^ a b c "BRISTOL". Who Was Who. A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press. November 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2012. (subscription required)
  7. ^ Ward, Zoe. Curtsy to the Lady. ISBN 086138041X.

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Edward Greene, Bt.
Member of Parliament for Bury St Edmunds
Succeeded by
Walter Guinness
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Frederick Hervey
Marquess of Bristol
Succeeded by
Herbert Hervey