French Polynesian presidential election, February 2009
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
An indirect presidential election was held in French Polynesia on 11 February 2009, after defections from the ruling pro-autonomy faction and a scheduled constructive vote of no confidence planned for 12 February 2009 caused the incumbent Gaston Tong Sang to step down on 7 February 2009.
This presidential election was the third in less than a year since the 2008 general election, which had been called by France to promote political stability. In total, there have been seven changes of government in French Polynesia since the 2004 general election.
Six of the members of President Gaston Tong Sang's governing coalition had quit in the months proceeding the 2009 presidential election, leaving his government open to potential challengers. In January 2009, Tong Sang had opened negotiations with Oscar Temaru to try to create a union government and set the stage for new elections. The negotiations failed to produce any tangible results, and were deemed as a failure.
President Tong Sang announced on 7 February 2009, that he would step down ahead of a proposed censure motion against his government by a coalition of pro-separatist parties led by Temaru. Tong Sang's resignation, which he described as "immediate" was widely expected in the French Polynesian media, which characterized the move as a "strategy of resignation".
The censure motion proposal against the Tong Sang government was supported by the Union for Democracy (UPLD), Tahoera'a Huiraatira, and Rautahi political parties. Together these parties put Temaru forward as their candidate for president as part of the no confidence measure. Supporters of the censure motion claimed that they could guarantee the support of 31 of the 57 members in the Assembly.
Temaru, who also served as the President of the Assembly at the time, accepted Tong Sang's resignation, paving the way for a new presidential election.
Oscar Temaru appeared likely to be elected President, but shortly before the election, there were reports that the accord between Temaru, Gaston Flosse and Jean Christophe Bouissou had broken up again, calling into question Temaru's chances.
Four candidates were nominated:
- Oscar Temaru, by Tavini Huiraatira and the Union for Democracy
- Gaston Tong Sang, by O Porinetia To Tatou Ai'a
- Edouard Fritch, by Tahoera'a Huiraatira
- Sandra Levy Agami, formerly a member of Tong Sang's alliance
In the first round of voting in the morning, Temaru received 24 votes, Tong Sang 20, Fritch 12 and Levy Agami one. The first round thus proved inconclusive, leading to a second round in the afternoon.
The second round of the election was held later on the afternoon of February 11, 2009. Temaru and Tong Sang advanced from the morning's first round. The Assembly elected Oscar Temaru as the next President during the second round. Temaru won 37 votes in the Assembly, which was 17 more votes than outgoing former President Tong Sang's 20. Temaru was elected thanks to support from the Tahoera'a Huiraatira party. The Tahoera'a Huiraatira candidate, Edouard Fritch, was defeated in the first round, and later support to Temaru. Temaru became President of French Polynesia for the fourth time in less than five years.
The coalition which allowed Temaru to return to power consisted of Temaru's Union for Democracy, Flosse's and Fritch's Tahoeraa Huiraatira and Bouissou's Rautahi party.
In his nomination speech to the Assembly, Temaru described the current tourism situation in French Polynesia as "catastrophic". Temaru noted that hotel occupancy rates in Bora Bora and Moorea are currently less than 20% on certain days due to the world financial crisis. He explained that the huge drop in foreign visitors may cause the government to cut the work hours of government employees, lay off workers or close state-owned hotels.
|French Polynesian presidential election, 2009|
|Party||Candidate||First round||Second round|
|Tavini Huiraatira||Oscar Temaru||24||42.11%||37||64.91%|
|O Porinetia To Tatou Ai'a||Gaston Tong Sang||20||35.09%||20||35.09%|
|Tahoera'a Huiraatira||Edouard Fritch||12||21.05%|
|Independent||Sandra Levy Agami||1||1.75%|
- "French Polynesia to hold fresh presidential election this week". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- "French Polynesia's government falls four days ahead of no confidence vote". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- "French Polynesia's assembly opens to elect a new president". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- "Oscar Temaru elected French Polynesia's president for fourth time in five years". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- "French Polynesia no-confidence vote to go ahead". Australia Network. 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- "President of French Polynesia steps down". The Australian. 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-02-12. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "ta" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Ahead of tomorrow's French Polynesian presidential election opposition pact in doubt". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- "First round of French Polynesia presidential election inconclusive". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- "Second vote under way to choose French Polynesia president". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-11.
- "Fritch becomes Speaker in French Polynesia". Radio New Zealand International. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-02-12.
- "Tahiti's new president says tourist situation is "catastrophic"". Agence Tahitienne de Presse. 2009-02-13. Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-14.