French frigate Muiron

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La Muiron 928 GB.jpg
1/72 Scale model of the Muiron, on display at the Musée national de la Marine
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Muiron
Namesake: Jean-Baptiste Muiron
Builder: Venice
Laid down: 1789
Launched: 22 August 1797
Completed: November 1797
Homeport: Toulon
Captured: On stock by the French, in May 1797
Fate: Hulked 1807; destroyed in 1850
General characteristics
Class and type: 44-gun frigate
Tons burthen: 1,029.3 tonnes
Length: 46 m (150 ft 11 in)
Beam: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: Sail
Complement: 340
Armament: 28 × 18-pounder
12 × 6-pounder
Armour: Timber

Muiron was a frigate of the French Navy, famous for ferrying Bonaparte on the 22 August 1799 under the flagship of Admiral Ganteaume from Egypt to France after the Battle of the Nile.[1]

The Muiron was one of two 18-pounder armed frigates that were building on the stocks in Venice in November 1796, when Bonaparte took Venice during the Campaign of Italy.[2] The two frigates were launched in August 1797 under the names Carrère and Muiron, and completed during November by the orders of Pierre-Alexandre Forfait. Muiron was named to honour Colonel Jean-Baptiste Muiron, an aide-de-camp of Bonaparte who had covered Bonaparte with his body during the Battle of the Bridge of Arcole.

The Muiron was armed with 28 × 18-pounder guns on the upper deck, and 12 × 6-pounder guns on the quarterdeck and forecastle, and manned with a complement of 340. She was incorporated in the fleet that invaded Egypt, and after the Battle of the Nile, Bonaparte departed for France aboard. She later took part in the Battle of Algeciras Bay. In 1807, Napoleon ordered that the Muiron be preserved as a monument; to this effect, he wrote a letter to the Ministry of the Navy, stating "I wish that the Muiron on which I came back from Egypt be kept as a monument and placed in such a way that it be preserved, if possibly, several hundreds years".[3] She was repaired and docked in Toulon, which a golden inscription on her hull stating "The Muiron, taken in 1797 in Venice arsenal by the conqueror of Italy. She brought back the saviour of France from Egypt in 1799".[4] Napoléon also had a finely crafted scale model made for his study in Malmaison in 1803. This model is now on display at the Musée national de la Marine in Paris.

At the Bourbon Restoration, Muiron was decommissioned, and she was eventually destroyed in 1850, in circumstances that remain unclear. Conflicting theories have it that she was either sold for material and broken up, or destroyed by fire after being struck by lightning.

The British captured her sister ship in August 1801 and added her to the British Navy as HMS Carrere.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of war". Retrieved 2007-03-07. 
  2. ^ Troude, Onésime-Joachim (1867). Batailles navales de la France 3. Challamel ainé. p. 66. 
  3. ^ "Je désire que la Muiron sur laquelle je suis revenu d'Égypte, soit gardée comme un monument et placée de manière à ce qu'elle se conserve, s'il est possible, plusieurs centaines d'années..."
  4. ^ "La Muiron, prise en 1797 dans l'Arsenal de Venise par le conquérant de l'Italie. Elle ramena d'Égypte en 1799 le sauveur de la France"

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