French ship Océan (1790)
Océan drawn by Antoine Léon Morel-Fatio
|Ordered:||30 September 1785 |
|Builder:||Arsenal de Toulon|
|Laid down:||12 August 1786 as États de Bourgogne |
|Launched:||8 November 1790|
|Out of service:||2 August 1850|
|Renamed:||Ordered and completed as États de Bourgogne; Côte d'Or 22 January 1793; Montagne 22 October 1793; Peuple 25 May 1795;Océan 30 May 1795.|
|Struck:||1851 floating battery, 1855/56 broken up|
|Fate:||Broken up in 1856|
|Class and type:||Océan-class ship of the line|
|Displacement:||2 700 tonnes|
|Length:||65.18 m (213.8 ft) (196.6 French feet)|
|Beam:||16.24 m (53.3 ft) (50 French feet)|
|Draught:||8.12 m (26.6 ft) (25 French feet)|
|Propulsion:||sail, 3,265 m2 (35,140 sq ft)|
She was ordered as États de Bourgogne and was launched at Brest in 1790. Like many French ships of the line during the Revolutionary period, she was renamed several times, becoming Côte d'Or in January 1793, Montagne in October 1793, Peuple on 17 May 1795, and a matter of weeks later again renamed, to Océan. She served until 1855.
As the largest ship of the line in the Brest fleet, the ship spent much of her early career as the fleet flagship.
As Montagne, the ship was the flagship of Rear-Admiral Villaret-Joyeuse in the Combat de Prairial (known in English literature as the Glorious First of June) in 1794. She was badly damaged by HMS Royal Sovereign, losing 313 men and receiving 233 round shots in her hull.
On 17 May 1795, she was renamed Peuple; a month later, on 23 June she fought in the Battle of Groix as Villaret's flagship. Returning to Lorient three days later, she was officially renamed to Océan, a name that had been in use since 30 May.
She was refitted in Brest in 1797.
Notes and References
- Commerce de Marseille was ordered after États de Bourgogne (which was later renamed Océan), but launched before her; therefore, the ship type is alternatively called Commerce de Marseille class or Océan class
- Boudriot, p.21
- Demerliac, 1774 à 1792
- Roche, vol.1, Océan
- "Le vaisseau trois-ponts l’Océan", Jean Boudriot, in Neptunia n° 102 (1971), page 21.
- Demerliac, Alain (2004). La Marine de Louis XVI: Nomenclature des Navires Français de 1774 à 1792 (in French). Éditions Ancre. ISBN 2-906381-23-3.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours. 1. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. (1671-1870)
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