French ship Océan (1790)
|This article does not cite any sources. (October 2007)|
Océan drawn by Antoine Léon Morel-Fatio
|Builder:||Arsenal de Toulon|
|Out of service:||2-8-1850|
|Renamed:||Ordered and completed as États de Bourgogne; Côte d'Or 22 January 1793; Montagne 22 October 1793; Peuple 25 May 1795;Océan 30 May 1795.|
|Struck:||1851 floating battery, 1855/56 broken up|
|Fate:||Broken up in 1856|
|Class & type:||Océan class ship of the line|
|Displacement:||2 700 tonnes|
|Length:||65.18 m (213.8 ft) (196,6 French feet)|
|Beam:||16.24 m (53.3 ft) (50 French feet)|
|Draught:||8.12 m (26.6 ft) (25 French feet)|
|Propulsion:||sail, 3 265 m²|
|Complement:||1 079 men|
She was ordered as États de Bourgogne and was launched at Brest in 1790. Like many French ships of the line during the Revolutionary period, she was renamed several times, becoming Côte d'Or in January 1793, Montagne in October 1793, Peuple on 17 May 1795, and a matter of weeks later again renamed, to Océan. She served until 1855.
As the largest ship of the line in the Brest fleet, the ship spent much of her early career as the fleet flagship.
As Montagne, the ship was the flagship of Rear-Admiral Villaret-Joyeuse in the Combat de Prairial (known in English literature as the Glorious First of June) in 1794. She was badly damaged by the HMS Royal Sovereign, losing 313 men and receiving 233 round shots in her hull.
On 17 May 1795, she was renamed Peuple; a month later, on the 23 of June she fought in the Battle of Groix as Villaret's flagship. Returning to Lorient three days later, she was (officially, since 30 of May the name Océan was used) renamed to Océan.
She was refitted in Brest in 1797.
She was decommissioned on 2 August 1850, and used as a floating artillery battery from May 1851.
The Océan, as Montagne, in Louthebourg's Lord Howe's action, or the Glorious First of June
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