French ship Soleil (1642)

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History
French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Soleil
Namesake: The sun
Owner: French Royal Navy
Builder: "Jean de Werth" (real name Jan Gron), in Île d'Indret Dockyard
Laid down: 1640
Launched: 1642
Completed: 1643
Fate: Sold to break up in August 1672
General characteristics
Class and type: ship of the line
Tonnage: 700 tons
Length: 117 French feet[1]
Beam: 29½ French feet
Draught: 13 French feet
Depth of hold: 12 French feet
Decks: 2 gun decks
Complement: 275, +5 officers
Armament:
Armour: Timber

The Soleil was a 38-gun ship of the line of the French Royal Navy, designed by Deviot and constructed by the Dutch shipwright Jan Gron (usually called Jean de Werth in French) at the new state dockyard at Île d'Indret near Nantes. She and her sister Lune were two-deckers, with a mixture of bronze guns on both gun decks.

The Soleil took part in the Battle of Orbitello on 14 June 1646, as the flagship of Chef d'escadre Marquis de Montigny, and in the Battle of Castellammare on 21/22 December 1647. By 1671 she had been re-armed with 22 x 12-pounders on the lower deck and 14 x 8-pounders on the upper deck. She was renamed Hercule on 24 June 1671, then quickly renamed Marquis 23 days later. She was condemned on 28 June 1672 and sold in August to be taken to pieces.

Sources and references[edit]

  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. p. 223. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
  • Nomenclature des Vaisseaux de Louis XIII et de la régence d'Anne d'Autriche, 1610 a 1661. Alain Demerliac (Editions Omega, Nice – 2004).
  • The Sun King's Vessels (2015) - Jean-Claude Lemineur; English translation by François Fougerat. Editions ANCRE. ISBN 978-2903179885
  • Winfield, Rif and Roberts, Stephen (2017) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1626-1786: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4738-9351-1.
  1. ^ The (pre-metric) French foot was 6.575% longer than the equivalent English foot.