Fuad Shemali

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Fuad Shemali (in Arabic فؤاد الشمالي) alternatively Fouad El Chemali (in Arabic فؤاد الشمالي) was a major figure in Black September, a Palestinian terrorism organization. He was the mastermind of some of its early operations, including the kidnapping and killing of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich and the 1972 attack on the U.S. Embassy in Khartoum.

Shemali was born in 1936 to a Lebanese Christian-Maronite family. He studied law at the University of St. Joseph in Beirut. He adhered to the Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP) in 1951, joined Fatah in the 1960s and was a leader of the Black September movement in the 1970s. He died from cancer in Geneva in August 1972.

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