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Fulvio Testi (Ferrara, August 1593 – Modena, 28 August 1646) was an Italian diplomat and poet. Recognised as one of the main exponents of 17th century Baroque literature, he worked in the service of the d'Estedukes in Modena, for whom he held high office, such as the governorship of Garfagnana. His poems tackle civic themes and are solemn in tone, showing Testi's lasting anti-Spanish and pro-Savoy political passions. Accused of treason, for having tried to set up diplomatic relations with the French court, he was imprisoned and died in jail soon after. One later literary critic wrote:
If he'd been born in a less barbarous age,
And had had more time than he did to cultivate his talent,
He would doubtless have been our Horace,
And perhaps been hotter and more vehement and more sublime than the Latin man
^Se fosse venuto in età meno barbara, e avesse avuto agio di coltivare l'ingegno suo più che non fece, sarebbe stato senza controversia il nostro Orazio, e forse più caldo e veemente e sublime del Latino" - Giacomo Leopardi, Lettere, edited by F. Flora, Mondadori, Milano 1949, p. 174