Fylingdales parish highlighted in red and land common to Fylingdales and Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre parishes highlighted in pink
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Main settlements||Robin Hood's Bay and Fylingthorpe|
|• Type||Parish Council|
|• UK Parliament||Scarborough and Whitby|
|• EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Fylingdales is a civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England situated south of Whitby, within the North York Moors National Park. It contains the villages of Robin Hood's Bay and Fylingthorpe and Fyling Hall School.
Fylingdales was recorded as Figclinge in the 11th century, Figelinge, Figelingam and Fielinge in the 11th and 12th centuries and possibly as Saxeby in the 12th century. The name derives from Fygla's people. It was a parochial chapelry south of Whitby and contained the villages of Robin Hood's Bay and Thorpe, or Fylingthorpe (which was recorded as Prestethorpe in the 13th century) and the hamlets of Normanby, Parkgate, Ramsdale, Raw (Fyling Rawe, 16th century) and Stoupe Brow. The church, dedicated to St Stephen replaced an ancient chapel which had Saxon origins and was demolished in about 1821 and was a dependent chapel of Whitby Abbey.
Fyling Old Hall is in Fylingthorpe not far from the Fyling Beck and was leased by the abbey in 1539. It is built in sandstone with a slate roof and mullioned windows. Sir Hugh Cholmley sold Fyling Hall in 1634 to Sir John Hotham whose descendants held the estate including the hall and mill until the 18th century.
The moor within the parishes of Fylingdales and Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre is managed by the ancient Manor of Fyling Court Leet. Courts Leet can be traced to Norman times, and the Manor of Fyling Court Leet was mentioned and recognised in the Administration of Justices Act 1977 to continue to transact the "Management of the Commons in the Manor".
The area of Fylingdales is 13,325 acres (53.92 km2) of land and inland water. The chief crops grown were barley and oats but most of the land was in pasture or moorland. The cliffs are Upper Lias shale capped by Dogger and False Bedded Sandstones and shales of the Lower Oolite. The height varies from 75 feet (23 m) to 100 feet (30 m) above the ordnance datum on the cliffs to 775 feet (236 m) on the moors. Alum was worked at Stoupe Brow and Peak. There were brick and tile-works at High Normanby and at Quarry Hill, Raw.
The Tri-Partite site known as RAF Fylingdales is named after the place but is not actually in the parish. Originally planned to be built on a site at Grouse Hill within Fylingdales, when the site was moved, due to coastal erosion concerns the name was not changed as it was preferable to being called RAF Snod Hill (Snod Hill is where it is actually located) and it sits at the western edge of Fylingdales Moor.
Fylingdales is served by local commercial radio station, Yorkshire Coast Radio, which provides a daily local news service.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Fylingdales Parish (1170217338)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Fylingdales CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
Note - an additional 6 people are recorded on land common to Fylingdales and Hawsker-cum-Stainsacre civil parishes.
- Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
- Page, William, ed. (1923). "Parishes:Fylingdales". A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2. Victoria County History. British History Online. pp. 534–537. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- "Fyling Court Leet". Fyling Court Leet. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
- Smith, Andrew. "Subbrit: RSG: Sites: Fylingdales". www.subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
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