Ge (unit)

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Chinese name
Korean name
Japanese name

The ge is a traditional Chinese unit of volume equal to 1/10 sheng. Its Korean equivalent is the hob or hop and its Japanese equivalent is the .


The ge is a traditional Chinese unit of volume equal to 10 shao or 110 sheng. Its exact value has varied over time with the size of the sheng.

In 1915, the Beiyang Government set the ge as equivalent to 103.54688 milliliters (3.501 U.S. fl oz).[1] The Nationalist Government's 1929 Weights and Measures Act, effective 1 January 1930, set it equal to the deciliter (3.381 fl oz or 0.182 dry pt).[2] The People's Republic of China confirmed that value in 1959, although it made the official Chinese name of the deciliter the fēnshēng (分升) and exempted TCM pharmacists from punishment for noncompliance with the new measure when traditional amounts were required for preparing medicine.[3]

1 ge  = 1/10 liters
= 100 milliliters
3.52 imperial fluid ounces
3.38 US fluid ounces
= 0.4 metric cup


The hob (South Korea) or hop (North Korea) is a traditional Korean unit based on the ge which is equal to 110 doe (SK) or toe (NK). Its exact value has varied over time with the size of the doe.

During its occupation, Korea's native measures were standardized to their Japanese equivalents. The present-day hob is 2401/13310 litres (6.1 fl oz or 0.328 dry pt), the same as the Japanese . Its use for commercial purposes has been criminalized in South Korea, although it continues to be used in the North.



A 1- masu, a wooden box used for measuring portions of rice or sake

The or cup is a traditional Japanese unit based on the ge which is equal to 10 shaku or 110 shō.

It was officially equated with 2401/13310 liters in 1891. The is the traditional amount used for a serving of rice and a cup of sake in Japanese cuisine. Although the is no longer used as an official unit, 1- measuring cups or their 180 mL metric equivalents are often included with Japanese rice cookers. In dining, a 1- serving is sometimes equated with 150 g of Japanese short-grain rice. It also appears as a serving size for fugu and other fish. Since sake bottles are typically either 720 or 750 mL, they can be reckoned as holding about four cups.

1   = 2401/13310 liters
180.4 milliliters
6.35 imperial fluid ounces
6.10 US fluid ounces
34 metric cup


The is also used as a unit equal to 110 tsubo. This is approximately equal to 0.3306 .


In Japanese mountaineering terms, the distance from the foot of a mountain to the summit is divided into 10 , and the points corresponding to these tenths of the route are generally referred to as "stations" in English.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "權度法 [Quándù Fǎ]", 政府公報 [Zhèngfǔ Gōngbào, Government Gazette], vol. No. 957, Office of the President, 7 January 1915, pp. 85–94[permanent dead link]. (in Chinese)
  2. ^ "度量衡法 [Dùliànghéng Fǎ]", Official site, Nanjing: Legislative Yuan, 16 February 1929.
  3. ^ "科学技术委員会关于統一我国計量制度和进一步开展計量工作的报告 [Kēxué Jìshù Wěiyuánhuì guānyú Tǒngyī Wǒguó Jìliàngzhì Dù hé Jìnyībù Kāizhǎn Jìliàng Gōngzuò de Bàogào]", 中华人民共和国国务院公报 [Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn Gōngbào], No. 180 (PDF), Beijing: State Council of the PRC, 3 July 1959, pp. 312–317. (in Chinese)