GTAP

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Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP)
GTAP.jpg
Established1992
FounderThomas Hertel[1]
Parent institution
Purdue University
Managing DirectorDominique van der Mennsbrugghe[2]
Address
Center for Global Trade Analysis
Department of Agricultural Economics
Purdue University
403 West State Street
West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2056
United States
LanguageEnglish
MissionTo provide leadership in economic policy analysis by fostering collaboration to achieve better data and research outcomes.
Websitehttp://www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/default.asp

GTAP (the Global Trade Analysis Project) is a global network of researchers[3] (mostly from universities, international organizations, and economic and climate/resource ministries of governments) who conduct quantitative analysis of international economic policy issues, including trade policy,[4] climate policy,[5] and globalization linkages to inequality and employment.[6] The consortium produces a consistent global economic database (the GTAP Data Base) which is widely used in the research community to study prospective international economic policy around these issues.[7]

While the consortium includes a large number of international organizations,[3] GTAP itself is coordinated by the Center for Global Trade Analysis, located at Purdue University.

GTAP Consortium and Data Base[edit]

Founded by Thomas Hertel[1] in 1992, the project grew out of the Australian IMPACT and SALTER modelling projects, and was heavily influenced by Alan Powell.[8][7] It is currently directed by Dominique van der Mensbrugghe.[2] A central element of GTAP is a large-scale database that is updated periodically by the consortium members, under coordination of the Center for Global Trade Analysis.[9] The data are important, core structural inputs to a broad range of global economic policy models and related applications:[4] studies of climate change and resource use (including studies feeding into the IPCC process); regional economic integration; and the effects of globalization.[10][11][5][12] For this reason, the consortium membership (those contributing to the database) includes prominent global governance and policy research institutions like the World Bank, European Commission, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.[3] There are currently three "Consortium Members At Large" -- Joseph Francois, Mark Horridge,[13] and Brian O'Neill,[14] who represent the broader scientific community.[3] The primary database is essentially a multi-year form of a multi-region input output (MRIO) database supplemented by national macroeconomic data, though extensive satellite datasets cover other measures that are linked to the economic flows in the core database, including trade policies, greenhouse gas emissions, energy use, migration flows, and land use patterns.[15] While from its inception the database was closely tied to the computable general equilibrium (CGE) research community, in recent years the database has also been at the center of greenhouse gas emissions accounting exercises,[16][17][18][19] and related assessments of resource use.[20][21]

Other activities[edit]

In addition to the multinational effort needed to update and expand the project database, the Center for Global Trade Analysis also offers courses on practical, model-based economic policy analysis. This includes courses on basic computational modelling and dynamic general equilibrium modelling.[22] The standard GTAP Model, which serves as a maquete or framework model linking the database to a basic general equilibrium system, was developed with the GEMPACK suite of software[23] but is also implemented using the GAMS suite of software.[24] The Center also organizes a large-scale annual conference on global economic policy modelling. The Center also provides awards and recognition to members of the research community, including the Alan A. Powell Award and the GTAP Research Fellow awards.[25][26]

Technical references[edit]

  • Burfisher, Mary, Introduction to Computable General Equilibrium Models, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2011, ISBN 9780521139779, 9780521139779.
  • Corong, Erwin L. et al (2017) "The Standard GTAP Model, Version 7." Journal of Global Economic Analysis, Vol2(1): 1-119.[23]
  • Hertel, Thomas, Global Trade Analysis: Modeling and Applications (Modelling and Applications), Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1999, ISBN 978-0521643740, 9780521643740;
  • Lanz, Bruno and Ruterford, Thomsa (2016) "GTAPinGAMS: Multiregional and Small Open Economy Models." Journal of Global Economic Analysis, Vol 1 (2): 1-77.[24]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Thomas Hertel". ag.purdue.edu. Purdue University. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Dominique van der Mennsbrugghe". ag.purdue.edu. Purdue University. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "About GTAP: GTAP Consortium". gtap.agecon.purdue.edu. Purdue University. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b van Tongeren, Frank; et al. (2017). "Back to the Future: A 25-year Retrospective on GTAP and the Shaping of a New Agenda". Journal of Global Economic Analysis. 2 (2): 1–42. doi:10.21642/JGEA.020201AF.
  5. ^ a b Monier, Erwan; et al. (2018). "Toward a consistent modeling framework to assess multi-sectoral climate impacts". Nature Communications. 9 (1): 660. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-02984-9.
  6. ^ Hertel, Thomas; Winters, Alan (2006). Poverty and the WTO: Impacts of the Doha Development Agenda. Washington, DC: World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780821363706. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b Hertel, Thomas (2013). "Global Applied General Equilibrium Analysis Using the Global Trade Analysis Project Framework". Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling. 1: 815–876. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-59568-3.00012-2. ISBN 9780444595683.
  8. ^ Dixon, Peter B; Jorgenson, Dale W (2013). "Introduction". Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling. 1: 1–22. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-59568-3.00001-8. ISBN 9780444595683. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  9. ^ Agular, Angel; et al. (2016). "An Overview of the GTAP 9 Data Base". Journal of Global Economic Analysis. 1 (1): 181–208. doi:10.21642/JGEA.010103AF. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  10. ^ Moore, Frances C; et al. (November 2017). "New science of climate change impacts on agriculture implies higher social cost of carbon". Nature Communications. 8 (1607): 1607. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01792-x. PMC 5694765. PMID 29151575.
  11. ^ Bekkers, Eddy; et al. (2018). "Melting ice caps and the economic impact of opening the Northern Sea Route" (PDF). The Economic Journal. 128 (610): 1095–1127. doi:10.1111/ecoj.12460.
  12. ^ Egger, Peter; et al. (2015). "Non-tariff barriers, integration and the transatlantic economy". Economic Policy. 30 (83): 539–584. doi:10.1093/epolic/eiv008.
  13. ^ "Mark Horridge". copsmodels.com. Victoria University, Melbourne. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Climate Change Expert Joins Korbel's Pardee Center". du.edu. University of Denver, 7 March 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  15. ^ "GTAP Data Bases: GTAP Satellite Data and Utilities". www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/. Purdue University. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  16. ^ Peters, G.P.; et al. (2011). "Growth in emission transfers via international trade from 1990 to 2008". PNAS. 108 (21): 8903–8908. doi:10.1073/pnas.1006388108. PMC 3102371. PMID 21518879.
  17. ^ Fernandez-Amador, Octavio; et al. (2018). "Empirical estimates of the methane–income elasticity" (PDF). Economics Letters. 171 (October): 137–139. doi:10.1016/j.econlet.2018.07.012.
  18. ^ Peters, G.P. (2008). "From Production-based to consumption-based national emission inventories". Ecological Economics. 65 (1): 13–23. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.10.014.
  19. ^ Fernandez-Amador, Octavio; et al. (2017). "Carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth: An assessment based on production and consumption emission inventories". Ecological Economics. 135 (May): 269–279. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.01.004.
  20. ^ Sumaila, U. Rashid; et al. (2019). "Benefits of the Paris Agreement to ocean life, economies, and people". Science Advances. 5 (2): eaau3855. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aau3855. PMC 6392762. PMID 30820450.
  21. ^ Fujimor, Shinichiro; et al. (2018). "Gridded emissions and land-use data for 2005–2100 under diverse socioeconomic and climate mitigation scenarios". Nature. 5 (2). doi:10.1038/sdata.2018.210. PMID 30325348.
  22. ^ "Short courses in global trade analysis". gtap.agecon.purdue.edu. Purdue University. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  23. ^ a b Corong, Erwin L.; et al. (2017). "The Standard GTAP Model, Version 7". Journal of Global Economic Analysis. 2 (1): 1–119. doi:10.21642/JGEA.020101AF. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  24. ^ a b Lanz, Bruno; Rutherfod, Thomas (2016). "GTAPinGAMS: Multiregional and Small Open Economy Models". Journal of Global Economic Analysis. 1 (2): 1–77. doi:10.21642/JGEA.010201AF. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  25. ^ "GTAP Network: Alan Powell Award". gtap.agecon.purdue.edu. Purdue University. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  26. ^ "GTAP Network: Research Fellows". www.gtap.agecon.purdue.ed. Purdue University. Retrieved 9 March 2019.