Gabon bushbaby

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Gabon bushbaby[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Galagidae
Genus: Sciurocheirus
Species: S. gabonensis
Binomial name
Sciurocheirus gabonensis
Gray, 1863
Gabon Bushbaby area.png
Gabon bushbaby range

The Gabon bushbaby (Sciurocheirus gabonensis) is a species of primate in the family Galagidae found in Cameroon, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo.[1] Its head and body length is 8.5 in with a 10-in tail, and it weighs about 10 oz. It lives in evergreen tropical rainforests and eats primarily fallen fruit, but also some arthropods.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Gabon bushbaby is native to tropical western Central Africa. Its range extends from the Sanaga River in Cameroon, through the Congo Republic and Río Muni, in Equatorial Guinea to Gabon, where it is found between the Sanaga River and the Ogooué River. It is unclear whether it occurs to the south of the Ogooue River. Its typical habitat is dense humid forest where it lives in the lower part of the canopy among the lianas and tree trunks. It seems able to adapt to some extent to inhabiting secondary growth and partially felled areas.[2]

Ecology[edit]

The Gabon bushbaby moves widely through the forest; the home range of males is 30 to 60 hectares (74 to 148 acres) while that of females is 8 to 10 hectares (20 to 25 acres).[2] This bushbaby forages for small invertebrates and fruit which it finds on the forest floor. At birth the ratio between the sexes is 1:1 but among adults, the ratio of males to females is 1:4. This difference may be because the males travel greater distances and are therefore at greater risk of predation. Animals known to prey on this species include large snakes, the African palm civet (Nandinia binotata), the African linsang (Poiana richardsonii), and large owls.[3]

Status[edit]

The Gabon bushbaby has a relatively wide range and is a fairly common species. Apart from some felling of forest for timber and for conversion into agricultural land, no particular threats have been identified. This bushbaby is present in a number of protected areas, so the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern".[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 124. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d Hoffmann, M. (2008). "Sciurocheirus gabonensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 January 2009. 
  3. ^ Jonathan Kingdon; David Happold; Thomas Butynski; Michael Hoffmann, Meredith Happold, Jan Kalina (2013). Mammals of Africa. A&C Black. pp. 422–424. ISBN 978-1-4081-8996-2.