Gammuladani

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Gammuladani,[1] Gammuladeni,[2][3][4] or Grammuladani[2] is a former Sinhala term for a village headman in Sri Lanka. Other terms were arachchi, gamika,[5] gammudaliya,[6] gammudalia,[7] or vidane.

During the colonial period the village headman had wide-ranging powers: his tasks included investigating crimes, coordinating agricultural activities, collecting taxes, and issuing permits for access to land.[8] The post was replaced in the 1960s by the government-appointed Grama Niladhari (previously Grama Sevaka).[9][10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dassanayaka, Channa. "Introduction from Sri Lankan Flavours". Cooked. 
  2. ^ a b "Overview", Matara Divisional Secretariat
  3. ^ S. H. Hasbullah; Barrie M. Morrison (10 August 2004). Sri Lankan Society in an Era of Globalization: Struggling To Create A New Social Order. SAGE Publications. p. 177. ISBN 978-81-321-0320-2. 
  4. ^ "Past Times: "When Life was Simple"". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka). 2 January 2000. 
  5. ^ K. M. De Silva (January 1981). A History of Sri Lanka. University of California Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-520-04320-6. 
  6. ^ B. Clough (1982). Sinhalese English Dictionary. Asian Educational Services. p. 155. ISBN 978-81-206-0105-5. 
  7. ^ The Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland. The Branch. 1894. p. 238. 
  8. ^ Roland Wenzlhuemer (2008). From Coffee to Tea Cultivation in Ceylon, 1880-1900: An Economic and Social History. BRILL. p. 197. ISBN 978-90-474-3217-3. 
  9. ^ Fernando, Austin (17 February 2014). "SLAS – 50 Not Out!". Colombo Telegraph. 
  10. ^ Ramani Gunatilaka; Tushara Williams; World Bank; United Nations Development Programme (1999). The integrated rural development programme in Sri Lanka: lessons of experience for poverty reduction. Institute of Policy Studies (Colombo, Sri Lanka). p. 37. 
  11. ^ Patrick Peebles (22 October 2015). Historical Dictionary of Sri Lanka. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 159. ISBN 978-1-4422-5585-2.