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GapP is a counting complexity class, consisting of all of the functions f such that there exists a polynomial-time non-deterministic Turing machine M where, for any input x, f(x) is equal to the number of accepting paths of M minus the number of rejecting paths of M. GapP is exactly the closure of #P under subtraction. It also has all the other nice closure properties of #P, such as addition, multiplication, and binomial coefficients.

The counting class AWPP is defined in terms of GapP functions.