Gaspare Murtola

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Gaspare Murtola (Italian pronunciation: [ˈɡaspare ˈmurtola]; d. 1624[1] or 1625[2]) was an Italian poet and writer of madrigals. He is known for a bitter literary feud with Giambattista Marino, carried out "with sonnets, invectives, and pistol shots,"[3] and for references he makes in his poetry to art works by Caravaggio. In a madrigal of 1603, he responded to Caravaggio's Medusa with "Flee, for if your eyes are petrified in amazement, she will turn you to stone."[4] His works include La Creazione del mondo ("The Creation of the World," 1608).[5]

Murtola was a ducal secretary.[6] He was born in Genoa and died in Rome.[7]


  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Italian Literary Studies: A–J, edited by Gaetana Marrone (Taylor & Francis, 2007), vol. 1, p. 1160; Albert N. Mancini, entry on "Marino, Giambattista," in Cassell Dictionary of Italian Literature (Cassell, 1996), p. 364.
  2. ^ Gloria Fossi, Uffizi: Art, History, Collections (Giunti Editore, 2004), p. 530.
  3. ^ Mancini, Cassell Dictionary of Italian Literature, p. 364.
  4. ^ Fossi, Uffizi, p. 530.
  5. ^ 'Encyclopedia of Italian Literary Studies, p. 1160.
  6. ^ Francesco Flamini, A History of Italian Literature (1265–1907), translated by Evangeline M. O'Connor (1906), p. 231.
  7. ^ Fossi, Uffizi, p. 530.