A general-purpose language is a computer language that is broadly applicable across application domains, and lacks specialized features for a particular domain. This is in contrast to a domain-specific language (DSL), which is specialized to a particular application domain. The line is not always sharp, as a language may have specialized features for a particular domain but be applicable more broadly, or conversely may in principle be capable of broad application but in practice used primarily for a specific domain.
General-purpose languages are further subdivided by the kind of language, and include:
- General-purpose markup languages, such as XML
- General-purpose modeling language such as the Unified Modeling Language (UML)
- General-purpose programming languages, such as C, Java or Python
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