George Clarke (governor)

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George Clarke (1676 – 12 January 1760)[1] was a colonial governor of New York.


He was also known as George Clarke of Hyde, after he purchased Hyde Hall in Cheshire, the ancestral home of his wife, Anne Hyde, in the 1740s. He became Secretary of the Province of New York in 1703. Along with his wife he purchased land in 1715 in Hempstead, Long Island, New York, and built an estate called Hyde Park.[2] He became acting colonial governor of New York in 1736 following the death of William Cosby, serving until George Clinton arrived in 1743 to replace Cosby. Clarke then held the post of Lieutenant Governor until 1747.

In 1741, Clarke was marginally involved in the suppression of the New York Conspiracy of 1741, a plot much-disputed by historians on the part of African slaves and poor white settlers to overthrow the colonial government by setting fires in New York City in March 1741.

Memorial in Chester Cathedral

On his return journey to England, with the fortune he had amassed in America, he was captured by a French cruise boat. After a short time he was released.[3] He died in Chester, England, on 12 January 1760, aged 84. He is buried in Chester Cathedral, where there is a monument to him.

Clarke was the nephew of British administrator William Blathwayt.[4] The British athlete and politician Sebastian Coe is descended from George Clarke, who was his seven-times-great-grandfather, via a son who lived in Jamaica.[5]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ John Raino. Biographical Directory of American Colonial and Revolutionary Governors, 1607-1789. Meckler Books. Wesport, 1980. pp. 262
  2. ^ Barry. L. Wold & William A. Kearns Guide to the George Hyde Family Papers 1705–1937, Collection Number 2800, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
  3. ^ Nelson Greene, The Story of Old Fort Plain & the Middle Mohawk Valley, O'Connors Brothers, NY 1915
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Seb Coe". Who Do You Think You Are?. Series 8. Episode 3. 24 August 2011. From 50 minutes in. BBC One.
Government offices
Preceded by
William Cosby
Governor of the Province of New York (acting)
Succeeded by
George Clinton