George Lockhart (politician)

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Sir George Lockhart
Sir George Lockhart of Carnwath.png
Portrait by Sir John Baptiste de Medina
Member of Parliament for Midlothian
In office
1708 – 1715
Preceded by New constituency
Succeeded by John Baird
Member of Parliament for Wigtown Burghs
In office
1708 – 1708
Preceded by New constituency
Succeeded by William Cochrane
Commissioner for Edinburghshire
In office
12 November 1702 – 25 March 1707
Succeeded by Constituency abolished
Personal details
Born 1673
Died 17 December 1731 (aged 58)
Political party Tory
Other political
Squadrone Volante
Profession Politician

Sir George Lockhart of Lee (1673 – 17 December 1731), of Carnwath, South Lanarkshire, also known as Lockhart of Carnwath, was a Scottish writer, spy and politician.

He was the son of Sir George Lockhart of Carnwath.

The Parliament of Scotland and the Treaty of Union[edit]

Lockhart, who was member for the shire of Edinburgh in the Parliament of Scotland, was appointed a commissioner for arranging the union with England in 1705.

Jacobite spy and attempt to repeal the Union[edit]

After the union he continued to represent Edinburgh, and later the Wigtown burghs. His sympathies were with the Jacobites, whom he kept informed of all the negotiations for the union; in 1713 he took part in an abortive movement aiming at the repeal of the union.

Lockart was the source of intelligence revealing the extensive bribery of Scottish parliamentarians prior to the Treaty of Union, giving rise to the famous Robert Burns line: "bought and sold for English gold". He published a list of bribes paid by the English Treasury.

He was deeply implicated in the rising of 1715, the preparations for which he assisted at Carnwath and at Dryden, his Edinburgh residence. He was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle, but probably, through the favour of John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, he was released without being brought to trial; but his brother Philip was taken prisoner at the Battle of Preston and condemned to be shot, the sentence being executed on 2 December 1715. After his liberation Lockhart became a secret agent of the Pretender; but his correspondence with the prince fell into the hands of the government in 1727, compelling him to go into concealment at Durham, England, until he was able to escape furth of Great Britain. Argyll's influence was again exerted in Lockhart's behalf, and in 1728 he was permitted to return to Scotland, where he lived in retirement till his death in a duel on 17 December 1731.


The "Lockhart Papers" are a significant authority for the history of the Jacobites. Lockhart was the author of Memoirs of the Affairs of Scotland, dealing with the reign of Queen Anne up to the union with England, first published in 1714. These Memoirs, together with Lockhart's correspondence with the Pretender, and some other papers of minor importance, were published again in the two volumes of Lockhart Letters (1817), edited by Anthony Aufrere.[1]


Lockhart belonged to the Lockharts of Lee, who were active in Scots law and politics during the 17th century. He married Eupheme Montgomerie, daughter of Alexander Montgomerie, 9th Earl of Eglinton, by whom he had a large family.

See also[edit]


  1. ^  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Aufrere, Anthony". Dictionary of National Biography. 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
New constituency Member of Parliament for Midlothian
Succeeded by
John Baird
New constituency Member of Parliament for Wigtown Burghs
Succeeded by
William Cochrane