Dr. George Merryweather M.D. was born on 10 April 1794 in Burley in Wharfedale, Yorkshire, England. He married Jane Anderson Loy in 1826. They had four children: Mary, Jane, John and Emily. He then married Hannah Baker in 1844, after the death of his first wife in 1832. Merryweather died on 4 November 1870 in Whitby, Yorkshire, England. He was interred in Whitby's Larpool Cemetery. Despite this, he was seen in 1871 at 10 Abbey Terrace West, although his death was officially registered a year before.
In 1832 George wrote his first essay "The means of maintaining uniform temperature and supporting fire without the agency of wood or coal". He invented the so-called "Platina Lamp", which was described to "keep burning for a fortnight on an economical mixture of pure alcohol and whisky, at a cost of one penny for eight hours".
But his most remarkable invention was the "Tempest Prognosticator"—a weather predicting device also called "The Leech Barometer". It had great success and caused a sensation when it was put on show at the Great Exhibition, so in 1850-1 Merryweather wrote "An essay explanatory of the tempest prognosticator in the Great Exhibition 1851". At this time he was an honorary curator of Whitby Philosophical Society. After the success of the "Tempest Prognosticator" at the Great Exhibition, Merryweather tried to persuade the British government to install his device at ports around the British coast. However, the government reacted coolly to the proposal and the Meteorological Department insisted on using barometers and weather charts instead.
Merryweather referred to the leeches as his "jury of philosophical councilors" and explains that the twelve bottles were placed in a circle in order that his "little comrades" might see one another and "not endure the affliction of solitary confinement".
Career as a doctor of medicine
- Katharine Anderson. Predicting the Weather: Victorians and the Science of Meteorology. University of Chicago Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-226-01968-0; pp. 172–174
- Slimy creatures start climbing as storms brew. The Times, May 30, 2008. Accessed December 11, 2008
- Andreas Michalsen, Manfred Roth and Gustav Dobos. Medicinal Leech Therapy. Thieme Medical Publishers, 2007. ISBN 978-1-58890-563-5; p. 40
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