George de Lawedre of Haltoun

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Sir George de Lawedre (or Lauder) of Haltoun (c. 1351 – c. 1426) was a Burgess and Provost of Edinburgh in the early 15th century.

Family[edit]

He was the second son of Alan de Lawedre of The Bass, Whitslaid, and Haltoun (d. 20 March 1407) by his spouse Alicia, daughter of Sir Colin Campbell, of Lochow, Argyll, progenitor of the Earls of Argyll. Sometime before July 1393, his father settled upon him the estate of Haltoun in Edinburghshire, as well as family lands in Lauderdale. In The Great Seal of Scotland (appendix 2) for July 1393, King Robert III confirmed a charter (number 1686) by James Sandilands of Calder to George Lauder of Haltoun of the lands of Sornfallow and Greenhill in the barony of Wistoun, in Lanarkshire.

Arms[edit]

Haltoun Arms.jpg

Nisbet states that the arms of "Lauder of Hatton" [sic] were "argent, a griffin rampant sable, beaked and membred gules, holding a sword with its forefoot, supporting a Saracen's head, proper; crest: a tower with a demi-griffin issuing out of the top of it: motto, Strike Alike". He alleges that the reason for the sword and the saracen's head is because they were descended from the 1189 crusader, Sir Robert de Lawedre.

Ambassador[edit]

A Warrant of Safe Conduct from the Lord Chancellor of England was signed at Westminster by Henry IV of England on 1 December 1412, valid until the following Pentecost, and issued to William de Graham, Master Robert de Lany "licenciez en decrees & Provost de Seint Andrew", William de Borthwick, Esq., and George de Lawedre, burgess of Edinburgh, Ambassadors appointed by the "Council General of Scotland" to treat for the deliverance of James I of Scotland, and for a truce, as signified in letters from the Duke of Albany "the King's very dear cousin", accompanied by 40 horsemen. A George Lawedre and Robert Lawedre of Scotland had a Safe Conduct issued on 13 May 1423, "for their ship laden with fish and other merchandise between England and their own country". It seems probable that the Provost of Edinburgh, a wealthy burgess, with his brother Robert, were the owners of the vessel.

Provost[edit]

George Lauder was Provost of Edinburgh in 1413, 1426/7, and 1430. The Charters and other Documents relating to the City of Edinburgh (Edinburgh 1871) refer to a grant by Sir Robert Logan of Restalrig to the Community of Edinburgh dated 27 February 1413/4 and states "there being present noble men, George de Lawedre, then Provost of the said Burgh....".

Like his father, who had been Constable of Tantallon Castle, he was a Douglas adherent, and with others, is a witness to a charter of reconfirmation by Archibald Douglas Earl of Wigtoun & Longueville of a previous charter by Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas to the monastery of Melrose of the Regality of Eskdalemuir, on 16 January 1418.

Death[edit]

Mr. J. J. Reid, writing in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (1888) mentions (citing the Exchequer Rolls, vol. v) that "in a charter registered in 1426 Sir Robert Lauder of The Bass let the farms of North Berwick, and I find that in the same year he and his brother Sir George both refused to pay customs." What Mr.Reid probably means is that the customs were not paid, almost certainly because Sir Robert had died the previous year, and as the last reference to "Sir George de Lawedre of Haltoun" appears to be in a charter of The Great Seal in 1424 (number 13) it appears likely that he too may have been very aged or had also died.

Marriage and children[edit]

There is some confusion surrounding George Lauder of Haltoun's marriage. George Crawfurd's Peerage (p. 91) states that he married "Helen, a sister of Lord Douglas", and that is repeated by J. Stewart Smith (1898). The assumption is that she must be the sister of Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas (1372–1424), and so the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas (c. 1328-1400).

Sir George Lauder & Helen Douglas had at least six children, three daughters (who appear by a Special Retour in the National Archives (GD430/13) to have had life-rents in his Lanarkshire lands), and three sons:

  • Sir Alexander Lauder, Knt., younger of Haltoun, who married before 1408, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Forrester of Corstorphine, and fell at the battle of Verneuil, France on 17 August 1424.
  • Sir John Lauder of Burngrange & Whitelaw, at Lauder, Berwickshire, (d. after June 1464).
  • Sir William Lauder of Haltoun, Knt., his successor, and fatal 'King's Messenger' to William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas in 1452.

References[edit]

  • Systems of Heraldry, by Alexander Nisbet, Edinburgh, 1722, 2 vols.
  • Calendar of Documents Relating to Scotland, edited by Joseph bain, 1357–1509, Edinburgh, 1888, vol.IV.
  • The Grange of St Giles, by J.Stewart Smith, Edinburgh, 1898.
  • The Lord Provosts of Edinburgh, 1296 - 1932, by Sir Thomas Whitson, LL.D., Edinburgh, 1932, p. 3.