Gerdy's tubercle

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Gerdy's tubercle
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Gerdy's tubercle is located on the lateral condyle of the tibia
Details
Identifiers
Latin Tuberculum anterolaterale
Anatomical terms of bone

Gerdy's tubercle is a lateral tubercle of the tibia, located where the iliotibial tract inserts. It was named after French surgeon Pierre Nicolas Gerdy (1797–1856).

Gerdy's tubercle is a smooth facet on the lateral aspect of the upper part of the tibia, just below the knee joint and adjacent to the proximal tibio-fibular joint, where the iliotibial tract runs down the outside part of the thigh. It is the point of insertion for the Iliotibial band of the lateral thigh.[1]

It is used as a site for the insertion of a periosteal needle by which intramedullary fluids may be infused in neonates. It can be fractured along with the tibial tuberosity.[2]

It has been used as a source for bone grafts.[3]

The peroneal nerve runs near to it.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starkey, Chad (2009). Examination of Orthopedic and Athletic Injuries (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis. p. 298. ISBN 978-93-5025-351-9. 
  2. ^ Yoo, Jae Ho; Hahn, Sung Ho; Yang, Bo Kyu; Yi, Seung Rim; Ahn, Young Joon; Yoon, Dong Jin; Kim, Jin Hong (2006). "An en bloc avulsion fracture of tibial tuberosity and Gerdy's tubercle in an adolescent basketball player: A case report". Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 15 (6): 781–5. doi:10.1007/s00167-006-0213-8. PMID 17024477. 
  3. ^ Brutus, Jean-Paul; Loftus, Jon B. (2006). "Gerdy's Tubercle as a Source of Cancellous Bone Graft for Surgery of the Upper Extremity: Description of Technique". The Journal of Hand Surgery. 31 (1): 147–9. doi:10.1016/j.jhsa.2005.07.011. PMID 16443119. 
  4. ^ Rubel, I. F.; Schwarzbard, I; Leonard, A; Cece, D (2004). "Anatomic location of the peroneal nerve at the level of the proximal aspect of the tibia: Gerdy's safe zone". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 86–A (8): 1625–8. PMID 15292408.