Gettysburg Springs Hotel

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The Springs Hotel (background) at the end of the Gettysburg Spring Railroad (foreground) was near Willoughby Run and Katalysine Springs (right).

The Gettysburg Springs Hotel was a Gettysburg Battlefield tourist site in the area of the first day of combat. The hotel was on the east side of Herr Ridge at the western terminus of the Gettysburg Spring Railroad and near the Katalysine Springs.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

The hotel company was incorporated by the Commonwealth as the "Battle House and Mineral Springs Watering Place Company at Gettysburg" on April 12, 1867.[4][5] Construction of the "Watering Place Hotel" began in 1868 and the hotel opened on June 28, 1869.[6][7] A lease dispute in April 1869 between the proprietor and the New York and Gettysburg Spring Company resulted in a "forcible entry" at the bottling plant.[8] However, the conflict was resolved in time for the hotel to host the first Gettysburg reunion.[9] The hotel also hosted officers from the Battle of Gettysburg in 1882 for John B. Bachelder's survey of the battlefield.[10]

The hotel company went bankrupt in 1901.[11] On December 24, 1904, the receivers of the hotel transferred land east of the hotel to the United States Department of War.[12] This transfer allowed the railbed and wagon road on McPherson Ridge's west slope to be finished using methods pioneered by Thomas Telford. The area became the commemorative era Meredith Avenue.[13] Additional Gettysburg Springs & Hotel tracts were transferred to the War Department in June 1907 and December 1913. The 1913 transfer included an area near the field of Pickett's Charge.[14]

The hotel was demolished by a December 1917 fire.[11] The land that was privately owned became part of the Gettysburg Country Club golf course, until purchased by the National Park Service in 2011.[15]

External image
photograph in newspaper

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gettysburg Times - Google News Archive Search". 
  2. ^ "Hotel Company" (Google News Archive). The Star and Sentinel. January 22, 1869. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  3. ^ "Gettysburg Times - Google News Archive Search". 
  4. ^ Beitel, Calvin Gustavus (1874). A Digest of Titles of Corporations Chartered by the Legislature… (Google books). J. Campbell & son. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  5. ^ "The Lithia Springs" (Google News Archive). The Star and Sentinel. November 13, 1867. p. 2 (col. 4). Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  6. ^ "Gettysburg: The Fountain of Health". The New York Times. May 26, 1869. Retrieved 2012-01-18. 
  7. ^ "Accidental Homicide--A Fisherman Shot by a Night Watchman.; Furnishing of Gettysburg Watering Place Hotel.". 
  8. ^ "All Quiet at the Gettysburg Katalysine Springs.". 
  9. ^ "Gettysburg: The Reunon on the Field…". New York Times. August 27, 1869. Retrieved 2011-07-07. visited the apple orchard,[where?] peach orchard, wheatfield, Round Top… The positions of the above-named corps were fixed. … Over one hundred stakes were driven at important points. … and the places where General Sickles, Hancock and Graham were wounded… General Hll…fixed the position…which opened the battle… The hop at the Springs Hotel…netted about $200, which is to be devoted to the Soldiers' Home, near Cemetery Hill. 
  10. ^ "Town and County: Veteran Reunion" (Google News Archive). Gettysburg Compiler. June 14, 1882. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  11. ^ a b McIlhenny, Hugh (November 4, 1981). "History of Springs Hotel detailed for local group" (Google News Archive). The Gettysburg Times. Times and News Publishing Company. Retrieved 2011-01-17. 
  12. ^ Property Deed Books, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania: Adams County Courthouse 
    Deed tbd Fowler, Henry O. (receivers) (December 24, 1904). Deed to [War Department?]. Deed Book #60. pp. 22–30. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  13. ^ "New Page 1". 
  14. ^ Office Of The Judge Advocate General, United States. Army; Defandorff, Jason F (1916). "Gettysburg National Park". United States military reservations, National cemeteries, and military parks. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  15. ^ "Gettysburg Times - Google News Archive Search".