|Zone||Administrative Zone 3|
|• Total||11,032 (est)|
Gewane is a town in north-eastern Ethiopia. Located in Administrative Zone 3 of the Afar Region, it has an elevation of 618 meters above sea level. Gewane is locally known as New Gewane, 2 kilometers east of the original settlement known as Old Gewane; the town was relocated astride the main, all-weather highway. It is the administrative center of Gewane woreda.
Philip Briggs has described Gewane as "a somewhat unremarkable urban sprawl, distinguished only by the imposing presence of Mount Azelu, an isolated peak of volcanic origin which rises almost 1,000m above the surrounding plains east of the town." The headquarters of the Yangudi Rassa National Park are located in Gewane.
The British explorer L.M. Nesbitt, who travelled through the area in 1928, described his stay of a couple of days in a village in Gewane, entertained by the local chief Abdul Momi, whom he described as "the Falstaff of Gewani". The Afar National Liberation Movement (ANLM), run by young intellectuals who had split from the Afar Liberation Front (ALF), met in Gewane with the Derg in April 1976 at an Afar congress. Afterwards a number of ANLM members were appointed to local administrative positions, which weakened both the ALF's military activity and political influence amongst the Afar. The weekly newspaper Tobiya reported in January 1996 that three high ranking employees of the Water Resource and Development Authority had been killed near the town.
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this town has an estimated total population of 11,032, of whom 6,304 are men and 4,728 are women. According to the 1996 national census this town had a population of 8,600.
- Awash river floods (Afar Regional State): Helicopter Survey, 5 June 1996, UNDP Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia report, dated June 1996 (accessed 11 January 2009)
- Philip Briggs, Ethiopia: The Bradt Travel Guide, 3rd edition (Chalfont St Peters: Bradt, 2002), p. 342
- Nesbitt, Hell-Hole of Creation: The Exploration of Abyssinian Danakil (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1935), pp. 141 - 149
- Kassim Shehim, "Ethiopia, Revolution, and the Question of Nationalities: The Case of the Afar", Journal of Modern African Studies, 23 (1985),p. 346
- "Local History in Ethiopia"[permanent dead link] The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 27 December 2007)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics Archived November 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Table B.4
- The results of the 1994 census in the Afar Region were not satisfactory, so the census was repeated in 1996.