Giant (gymnastics)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A giant is an artistic gymnastics skill in which a gymnast rotates 360 degrees around an axis while in a fully extended position. It is performed on the uneven bars in women's artistic gymnastics and on the parallel bars and horizontal bar in men's artistic gymnastics.


The gymnast begins in a handstand position. With legs together, toes pointed, and body fully extended, the feet begin to descend. The upper body hollows very slightly until the gymnast passes through horizontal.[1] On the upswing, the abdominal muscles are engaged to slightly arch the body and prevent anterior pelvic tilt, which adversely affects the strength of the swing.[2] The gymnast either returns to the handstand position or continues through handstand to perform another giant or other element.

The gymnast must remain in a stretched position for the entire giant, except on parallel bars where the apparatus height necessitates bended knees at the bottom of the swing.


Some variations on the standard giant include:

  • Forward or front giant - Performed with palms turned inward to face the body and heels leading the down swing instead of the front of the foot.
  • Inverted or L-Grip giant - Performed like a forward giant but with the palms turned outward (L-Grip) to face the body
  • Mixed grip giant - Performed as either a regular or forward giant with the hands held in two different grips (e.g. one hand in L-Grip, one hand in normal grip)
  • One arm giant - Performed with only one arm holding the bar instead of two
  • German giant - Performed with palms facing away from the gymnast's body and shoulders rotated backwards
  • 3/4 giant - Performed starting in front support and casting to parallel then back down and around the bar to the front support position once again
  • Skoumal giant -Peerformed as a back giant with the shoulders rotated forward as if doing an "inlocate" on rings. Essentionally like a Manna ove the top of the bar.


In the current Federation Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) Code of Points, a giant is a B element for women[3] and a B element on parallel bars and an A element on horizontal bar for men.[4]


  1. ^ [1], USA Gymnastics Online: Technique: Basic Swing: Technical Concept
  2. ^ [2], USA Gymnastics Online: Technique: A Typical Performance Problem in a Giant Swing
  3. ^ [3], FIG WAG 2009-2012 Code of Points
  4. ^ [4], FIG MAG 2009-2012 Code of Points

External links[edit]