Struthio dmanisensis

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Struthio dmanisensis
Temporal range: Late Pliocene–Early Pleistocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Struthioniformes
Family: Struthionidae
Genus: Struthio
Species: S. dmanisensis
Binomial name
Struthio dmanisensis
Вurchak-Abramovich & Vekua, 1990

Giant ostrich (Struthio dmanisensis) is an extinct Eurasian species of ostrich which lived in the Late Pliocene to the Early Pleistocene of Georgia.[1] It was one of the largest members of the genus Struthio.[2]


  1. ^ (2010)
  2. ^ Gabunia, L. et al. (2000)


  • (2010). "Ostriches". Wild Bird Web. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  • Burchak-Abramovich, N.; Vekua, A. (1990). "The fossil ostrich Struthio dmanisensis sp. n., from the Lower Pleistocene of Georgia". Acta zoologica cracoviensia. 33 (7): 121–132. 
  • Gabunia, L.; Vekua, A.; Lordkipanidze, D.; Ferring, R.; Justus, A.; Maisuradze, G.; Mouskhelishvili, A.; Nioradze, M.; Sologashvili, D.; Swisher III, C.; Tvalchrelidze, M. (2000). "Current Research on the Hominid Site of Dmanisi" (PDF). etudes et recherches de archéologiques de l'université de liege (in French) (92): 13–27. 
  • Hitchcock, Don (2010). "The Dmanisi Site". Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  • Zicha, Ondrej (1999). "Struthio orlovi". Biological Library. Retrieved 2 February 2010.