The gigue (//; French pronunciation: [ʒiɡ]) or giga (Italian: [ˈdʒiːɡa]) is a lively baroque dance originating from the English jig. It was imported into France in the mid-17th century and usually appears at the end of a suite. The gigue was probably never a court dance, but it was danced by nobility on social occasions and several court composers wrote gigues.
A gigue is usually in 3
8 or in one of its compound metre derivatives, such as 6
8 or 12
8, although there are some gigues written in other metres, as for example the gigue from Johann Sebastian Bach's first French Suite (BWV 812), which is written in 2
2 and has a distinctive strutting "dotted" rhythm.
It often has a contrapuntal texture as well as often having accents on the third beats in the bar, making the gigue a lively folk dance.
In early French theatre, it was customary to end a play's performance with a gigue, complete with music and dancing.
A gigue, like other Baroque dances, consists of two sections.
An early Italian dance called the giga probably derives its name from a small accompanying stringed instrument called the giga. Historians, such as Charles Read Baskerville, claim that use of the word in relation to dancing took place in England prior to such usage on the Continent. Giga probably has a separate etymology.
- Blatter, Alfred (2007). Revisiting Music Theory: A Guide to the Practice, p. 28. ISBN 0-415-97440-2.
- Bellingham, Jane, "gigue." The Oxford Companion to Music. Ed. Alison Latham. Oxford Music Online. 6 July 2008 (subscription required)
- Louis Horst, Pre-Classic Dance Forms, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton Book Company, 1987), 54–60.