Coat of arms of Gilbert Horal
|Grand Master of the Knights Templar|
Gilbert Horal was born an Aragonese (from the Kingdom of Aragon in modern-day Spain), and entered the Templars at a young age. He stayed in the provinces of Provence and Aragon, where he took part in the battles of the Reconquista on the Iberian Peninsula, and became Grand Master of the province until 1190. Then he became the Grand Preceptor of France, and in 1193, after the death of Robert de Sablé, he became Grand Master of the Order. In 1194, Pope Celestine III gave the Templars more privileges.
During his leadership, the quarrel between the Templars and Hospitaliers increased. The arbitration of Pope Innocent III was in favour of the Hospitaliers because the Pope could not forgive the Templars for making the agreements that they had with Malek-Adel, brother of Saladin.
Another of Gilbert Horal's accomplishments was that he took the time to organize and consolidate the possessions of the Templars in France and Apulia. In Spain, the Templars took an active part in the Reconquista, and in 1196 were given the fortress of Alfambra by Alfonso II of Aragon as a reward for their efforts in the battles.
- Marillier, Bernard (2000). Armorial des Maîtres de l'Ordre du Temple. Collection "Sinople". Pardès. ISBN 978-2-8671-4222-2.
- Roy, J. J. E. (1999) . Histoire des Templiers. Pardès. ISBN 978-2-8671-4188-1.
Robert de Sablé
| Grand Master of the Knights Templar
Phillipe de Plessis
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