Giulio Einaudi

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Giulio Einaudi

Giulio Einaudi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒuːljo eiˈnaudi]; 2 January 1912 – 5 April 1999) was an Italian book publisher. The eponymous company that he founded in 1933 became "a European wellspring of fine literature, intellectual thought and political theory"[1] and was once considered the most prestigious publishing house in Italy.[2] He was also the author of books on literature, history, philosophy, art and science.[1]

Biography[edit]

Giulio Einaudi was born in Dogliani (Province of Cuneo), the son of Luigi Einaudi, future 2nd president of the Italian Republic,[3] and his wife Ida.

He attended the Liceo Classico Massimo d'Azeglio,[4] and became a student of anti-fascist Augusto Monti.

On 15 November 1933 he founded the publishing house Giulio Einaudi Editore, located on the third floor of Via Arcivescovado 7 in Turin (the same building that had hosted Antonio Gramsci's L'Ordine Nuovo).

Over his career, Einaudi published works by Carlo Levi, Gramsci, Cesare Pavese, Natalia Ginzburg, Italo Calvino, Norberto Bobbio, Primo Levi, American Henry A. Wallace, and Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev, as well as Boris Pasternak's novel Dr. Zhivago in 1957 when it was banned in the Soviet Union. Einaudi, who had spoken against the creation of NATO, in 1964 was granted an early Western interview with the Soviet premier Nikita S. Khrushchev and, later, publishing rights to a Khrushchev book that signaled post-Stalin détente policy directions for the country.[1]

In 1994, Einaudi's company was taken over by Mondadori, a publishing conglomerate controlled by former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi.[3] After working 64 years in the publishing business, Einaudi retired on 4 September 1997, aged 85, and died in Rome at the age of 87.

Family[edit]

Einaudi was married to Renata Aldrovandi and had three sons, Mario, Riccardo and Ludovico, and a daughter, Giuliana.[1] Ludovico is a pianist and composer.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Saxon, Wolfgang, "Giulio Einaudi, Italian Author And Publisher, Is Dead at 87", The New York Times (Archives), April 7, 1999.
  2. ^ "Einaudi", in Gino Moliterno (ed.), Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture, Routledge, 2002, p. 276. Reference to 'GIUNIO LUZZATTO' at opening of excerpt unrelated to Einaudi; via Google Books. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  3. ^ a b Hanley, Anne, "Obituary: Giulio Einaudi", The Independent, April 19, 1999.
  4. ^ Ward, David. "Primo Levi's Turin." In: Gordon, Robert S.C. (editor). The Cambridge Companion to Primo Levi (Cambridge Companions to Literature). Cambridge University Press, 30 July 2007. ISBN 1139827405, 9781139827409. CITED: p. 11.
  5. ^ "Bio / More About Ludovico Einaudi", rockpaperscissors.biz. Retrieved 5 June 2016.