Givat Brenner

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Givat Brenner
גִּבְעַת בְּרֶנֶר
Givat Brenner Aerial View.jpg
Givat Brenner is located in Israel
Givat Brenner
Givat Brenner
Coordinates: 31°51′52.19″N 34°48′1.08″E / 31.8644972°N 34.8003000°E / 31.8644972; 34.8003000Coordinates: 31°51′52.19″N 34°48′1.08″E / 31.8644972°N 34.8003000°E / 31.8644972; 34.8003000
District Central
Council Brenner
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1928
Founded by Jewish pioneers from Russia, Poland and Germany
Population (2015)[1] 2,617
Website www.gbrener.org.il

Givat Brenner (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת בְּרֶנֶר‎, lit. Brenner Hill; Arabic: غفعات برينر‎‎), is a kibbutz in the Central District of Israel. Located around two kilometres south of Rehovot, it falls under the jurisdiction of Brenner Regional Council. Founded in 1928, it is named after writer Yosef Haim Brenner, who was killed in the Jaffa riots of 1921. In 2015 it had a population of 2,617.[1]

History[edit]

Kibbutz Givat Brenner, 1935

Givat Brenner was founded in 1928 by Enzo Sereni[2] and a group of immigrants from Lithuania, Poland and Germany. During World War II, Givat Brenner supplied products such as jam to the British Army, which laid the foundation for its export business. The establishment of an irrigation equipment factory led to the creation of a foundry. The foundry evolved into a specialized aluminum die-casting company, which has produced, among other things, the housings for emergency phones along the New Jersey Turnpike.[citation needed] In 1938, it opened the first kibbutz sanatorium in the country.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to a census conducted in 1931 by the British Mandate authorities, Givat Brenner had a population of 155 inhabitants and a total of 5 residential houses.[4] In 1970 the population was 480.[5]

Education[edit]

Givat Brenner Regional School serves the communities of the Regional Council.

Economy[edit]

Food canning factory, Givat Brenner, 1939

Givat Brenner's plant nursery supplies turf for lawns and parks. The kibbutz grows cotton, avocado, wheat and corn, and maintains a dairy farm. Industrial ventures include a furniture factory, metalwork factory, canned foods plant and an irrigation equipment factory, which gradually shut down for financial reasons. The 'House of Dreams' amusement park was established to offset waning income from the orchards, plant nurseries and factories, but was eventually closed.[6]

Landmarks[edit]

The Treasure Museum, in the heart of the kibbutz, opened on the Givat Brenner's seventieth anniversary. It houses a collection of artifacts and photographs that tell the story of the kibbutz pioneers.

Notable residents[edit]

Sculpture by Jacob Loutchansky

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Enzo Sereni". Jewish Virtual Library. 
  3. ^ How Israel's socialist retreats for workers turned into luxury hotels
  4. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 20
  5. ^ "Israel Place List (1970)" in Encyclopedia Judaica. 1. New York:Macmillan, p. 176.
  6. ^ "Kibbutz Givat Brenner forced to demolish 'House of Dreams'" (in Hebrew). ynet. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Gavron, Daniel. The Kibbutz: Awakening from Utopia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

External links[edit]