Gjesvær

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Gjesvær
Village
View of the village
View of the village
Gjesvær is located in Finnmark
Gjesvær
Gjesvær
Location in Finnmark
Coordinates: 71°05′53″N 25°22′34″E / 71.09806°N 25.37611°E / 71.09806; 25.37611Coordinates: 71°05′53″N 25°22′34″E / 71.09806°N 25.37611°E / 71.09806; 25.37611
Country Norway
Region Northern Norway
County Finnmark
District Vest-Finnmark
Municipality Nordkapp
Elevation[1] 4 m (13 ft)
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Post Code 9765 Gjesvær

Gjesvær (Northern Sami: Geaissvearra) is an old fishing village in Nordkapp Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. It is the only place in Finnmark known from the Viking Age and is mentioned in the Heimskringla saga as Geirsver.[2] The name comes from the man's name Geir, which means "spear".[3]

The location was used by Vikings on the way to Bjarmaland (see Ottar from Hålogaland), and probably also for gathering food on the nearby Gjesværstappan islands which contain one of the largest seabird colonies in Norway.

Like most other places in Finnmark, all buildings in the village were burned down in 1944 by the German occupying forces. Gjesvær Chapel, built in 1960, is considered a cultural monument.

Gjesvær has approximately 130 inhabitants, but at the beginning of the 1970s, it had about 350 people. It has a fish plant, local shop, post office, and primary school. The main industry is fishing, but in recent years there has been an increased emphasis on tourism, activities including fishing and bird watching trips to the Gjesværstappan nature reserve.

Gjesvær was historically a part of Måsøy Municipality, along with the sparsely populated western part of Magerøya island. There were no road connections across the island, so residents travelled by boat which was closer to Måsøy. In 1977, the 22-mile (35 km) long Norwegian County Road 156 was completed, connecting Gjesvær by a causeway to Magerøya island and then continuing on to Honningsvåg. For this reason, the municipal boundary was moved. In 1 January 1984, Gjesvær and the western part of Magerøya were transferred from Måsøy municipality to Nordkapp Municipality.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gjesvær" (in Norwegian). yr.no. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
  2. ^ Sturlson, Snorri (1932). Heimskringla: The Chronicle of the Kings of Norway. p. 322. ISBN 160506789X. 
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Gjesvær" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-02-15.