Gladiator Mosaic

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Detail of the Gladiator Mosaic.

The Gladiator Mosaic is a famous mosaic of gladiators, dated to the first half of the 4th century. It was discovered in 1834 on the Borghese estate at Torrenova, on the Via Casilina outside Rome. It was one of the antiquities which reinvigorated the Borghese collection after it had shrunk following the sale of much of the collection to Napoleon I.

The name of each gladiator depicted is given in inscription next to the figure, with a Ø symbol (possibly the Greek letter Θ, for θάνατος "dead") marking the names of gladiators who died in combat. The inscription is listed as CIL VI 10206. A total of 33 names was on the mosaic, some of them now illegible.

Licentiosus/ [------]// Purpureus/ Entinus/ Baccibus// Astacius// Astacius/ Astivus ∅ // Iaculator// [------]/ Rodan[---] ∅ // Melitio// Talamonius/ Aureus ∅ // Cupido ∅ / Bellerefons// [------]/ Pampineus// PI[---]// Arius// Eliacer// Melea[ger(?)]/ [------]// [---]us vic(it)// Mazicinus/ Alumnus vic(it)// Ideus r(e)t(iarius)// Callimorfus/ Mazicinus// [---]us vic(it)/ Callimorfus// Serpeneus// Sabatius

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