Glebe Stone Circles

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Glebe Stone Circles
Native name
Irish: Ciorcal Liag na Gléibe
Nymphsfield Stone Circles
Moy Tura Conga
Glebe Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 851399.jpg
Typestone circles
LocationGlebe, Cong,
County Mayo, Ireland
Coordinates53°32′55″N 9°15′49″W / 53.548511°N 9.263524°W / 53.548511; -9.263524Coordinates: 53°32′55″N 9°15′49″W / 53.548511°N 9.263524°W / 53.548511; -9.263524
Elevation28 m (92 ft)
Builtc. 2500–500 BC
Official name: Glebe Stone Circles
Reference no.146
Glebe Stone Circles is located in Ireland
Glebe Stone Circles
Location of Glebe Stone Circles in Ireland

Glebe Stone Circles are standing stones and National Monument located in County Mayo, Ireland.[1][2][3]

Location[edit]

Glebe Standing Stones are located about 1.6 km (1 mile) east-northeast of Cong.[4][5][6]

History[edit]

The circles were first noted by Edward Lhuyd on his tour of Ireland in 1699; William Stukeley later reproduced Lhuyd's unpublished drawings.[7]

William Wilde connected them to the mythical Battle of Moytura:

Before proceeding with the narrative, we must here conduct our readers to the existing Danann monuments that accumulate in the fields opposite the glebe of Nymphsfield, to a portion of which local tradition has assigned the name of Cath na bPunnán, "the battle of the sheaves." There are here five very remarkable stone circles still remaining within the compass of a quarter of a square mile, and there are traces of others. The following examples are highly illustrative of these remarkable monuments. That figured above consists of nineteen flat flagstones placed in a circle, each inclining outwards, perfectly smooth on the outside, but grooved and hollowed on their internal faces, which were evidently those originally exposed to the action of air or water. A considerable portion of this circle has been removed and its interior, which is now planted, is fifty-four feet in diameter. Some of these stones are five feet over ground, are four feet wide, and eight or ten inches thick. At the south-west corner of the same field, opposite the glebe there is another circle, of which the subjoined is a graphic representation. It consists of a series of standing stones, and is one hundred and fifty-two feet in diameter. Within and around this and the adjoining fields, to the south and east, several perfect circles still exist, and the sites of others can still be traced within the confines of Cath na bPunnán; so that here was evidently the stronghold of one of the contending armies.

Description[edit]

There are four circles in a variety of styles.

Glebe (North)[edit]

About 16 m (52 ft) in diameter, 23 stones remain, up to 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) in height with cup and ring marks.[8][9]

Nymphsfield 1 (West)[edit]

About 10 m (33 ft) in diameter, the smallest circle.[10]

Tonaleeaun (East)[edit]

An embanked recumbent stone circle with an orthostat at the west end.[11]

Nymphsfield 2 (South)[edit]

10 m (33 ft) in diameter with 19 stones.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Magical Places: Nymphsfield Stone Circles, Co. Mayo".
  2. ^ "Glebe South Stone Circle, Mayo".
  3. ^ Halpin, Andrew; Newman, Conor (1 January 2006). "Ireland: An Oxford Archaeological Guide to Sites from Earliest Times to AD 1600". Oxford University Press – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "The Stone Circles of Glebe [Cong]".
  5. ^ Map, The Megalithic Portal and Megalith. "Cong West".
  6. ^ Wilde, William R. (1 January 1872). "Lough Corrib, Its Shores and Islands: with Notices of Lough Mask". Lulu.com – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Byrne, Martin. "Nymphsfiled stone circles - Glebe, Cong, County Mayo - Sacred Island Guided Tours".
  8. ^ "GlebeSC".
  9. ^ Past, Ed Hannon-Visions of the (28 July 2015). "Glebe North Stone Circle, Mayo, Ireland".
  10. ^ "megalithomania: Cong 2 (Mayo) :: Stone Circle :: Visit notes".
  11. ^ "megalithomania: Cong 3 (Mayo) :: Stone Circle :: Visit notes".
  12. ^ "Prehistoric and Early Ireland @ megalithomania.com - Glebe Stone Circle, County Mayo (Cong 4)". megalithomania.com. Retrieved 2016-11-12.