Glele

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Crown Prince Glele (left) with his father, King Ghezo

Glele, or Badohou (died December 29, 1889), was the tenth King of Dahomey, ruling from 1858 until his suicide in 1889.

Life[edit]

Badohou, who took the throne name Glele, is considered (if Adandozan is not counted) to be the tenth King of the Aja kingdom of Dahomey (part of modern-day Benin).[1] He succeeded his father, Ghezo, and ruled from 1858 to 1889.[1]

Glele continued his father's successful war campaigns, in part to avenge his father's death, in part to capture slaves. During his rule he sustained Dahomey's renaissance as a center of palm oil sales and slave trade.[1] Glele also signed treaties with the French, who had previously acquired a concession in Porto-Novo from its king. The French were successful in negotiating with Glele and receiving a grant for a customs and commerce concession in Cotonou during his reign. Glele resisted British diplomatic overtures, however, distrusting their manners and noting that they were much more activist in their opposition to the slave trade: though revolutionary France itself had outlawed slavery at the end of the 18th century it allowed the trade to continue elsewhere; Britain outlawed slavery in the United Kingdom and in its overseas possessions in 1833,[2] and had its navy make raids against slavers along the West African coast[2] starting in 1840.

Statue from the Musée du Quai Branly depicting Glele as a lion

Glele's symbols are the lion and the ritual knife of the adepts of Gu (Vodou of fire, iron, war, and cutting edges). His favorite wife was Visesegan.[3]

Glele, despite the formal end of the slave trade and its interdiction by the Europeans, and New World powers, continued slavery as a domestic institution: his fields were primarily cared for by slaves, and slaves became a major source of 'messengers to the ancestors' (sacrificial victims) in ceremonies.[4] In 1860, he met with William Foster, captain of the Clotilda, the final ship to (illegally) take slaves to the United States, presumably to approve the sale.[5]

Near the end of Glele's reign, relations with France deteriorated due to Cotonou's growing commercial influence and differences of interpretation between Dahomey and France over the extent and terms of the Cotonou concession grant. Glele died suddenly just before the French arrived for negotiations, possibly by suicide.[1][6] Glele's son Prince Kondo handled negotiations with the French.

Glele died on December 29, 1889, to be succeeded by his son Kondo, who took the name Béhanzin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Appiah, Kwame Anthony; Henry Louis Gates, Jr (1997). The Dictionary of Global Culture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 251. ISBN 0-394-58581-X.
  2. ^ a b "How did the Abolition Acts of 1807 and 1833 affect the slave trade?". The National Archives [UK]. Retrieved 30 Aug 2011.
  3. ^ Robertson, Claire C.; Klein, Martin A. (1997). Women and Slavery in Africa. Pearson Education. p. 360. ISBN 978-0-435-07417-3.
  4. ^ Skertchly, J. Alfred (1874). Dahomey as It Is; Being a Narrative of Eight Months' Residence in that Country... London: Chapman and Hall. pp. 524.
  5. ^ Foster, William. "Last Slaver from U.S. to Africa. A.D. 1860". Mobile Public Library. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  6. ^ Stokes, Jamie (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East. Vol. 1. Facts on File. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-8160-7158-6.
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Dahomey
1858–1889
Succeeded by