Greenhouse gas emissions
The European primary energy use per capita was highest in 2008 in (TWh/per million): 1) Iceland 191 2) Luxembourg 98 3) Finland 77 4) Norway 72 5) Belgium 64 6) Sweden 62 7) Netherlands 56 8) Russia 56 9) Kazakhstan 53 10) Czech Republic 50 11) France 48, 12) Germany 47 13) Estonia 47 and 14) Austria 46.
Mitigation and adaptation
Policies and legislation
Luxembourg is a member of the EU and thus the EU directives are binding.
The Paris agreement is a legally international agreement, its main goal is to limit global warming to below 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC's) are the plans to fight climate change adapted for each country. Every party in the agreement has different targets based on its own historical climate records and country's circumstances and all the targets for each country are stated in their NDC. In the case of member countries of the European Union the goals are very similar and the European Union work with a common strategy within the Paris agreement.
From 1981-2010, Luxembourg's average annual temperature rose by 1 °C, in comparison to 1961-1990. This rise in temperature is expected to increase further, possibly by 3.1 °C by the end of the 21st century. Luxembourg is on par with the world average temperature increase of 0.03 °C per year. There is a trend of a lower number of frost days and a higher number of extremely warm days.
Recent temperature extremes
|19 July 2022||36.3 °C||Luxembourg City|
|25 July 2019||40.8 °C||Steinsel commune||Broke the 2003 temperature record|
|8 & 12 August 2003||37.9 °C||Findel airport|
- Energy in Sweden 2010 Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Table 1: Emissions of carbon dioxide in total, per capita and per GDP in EU and OECD countries, 2007
- Wind energy and EU climate policy Achieving 30% lower emissions by 2020 EWEA October 2011 p. 39
- IEA Key energy statistics 2010 Archived 2017-08-09 at the Wayback Machine Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
- United Nations, United Nations Climate Change. "The Paris Agreement". unfccc.int. Archived from the original on 2018-04-18. Retrieved 2021-05-10.
- "NDC spotlight". UNFCCC. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
- "Nationally Determined Contributions". unfccc. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
- "Luxembourg Climate Resilience Policy Indicator – Analysis". IEA. Retrieved 2023-03-26.