Glyceric acid

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Glyceric acid[1]
Glyceric acid.png
Preferred IUPAC name
2,3-Dihydroxypropanoic acid
Other names
Glyceric acid
473-81-4 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChemSpider 732 N
ECHA InfoCard 100.006.795
PubChem 752
Molar mass 106.08 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Glyceric acid is a natural three-carbon sugar acid. Salts and esters of glyceric acid are known as glycerates.

glycerol after reacting with gym-an oxygen giving reagent (such as KMnO4+H2SO4) produced glyceric acid.




Several phosphate derivatives of glyceric acid, including 2-phosphoglyceric acid, 3-phosphoglyceric acid, 2,3-bisphosphoglyceric acid, and 1,3-bisphosphoglyceric acid, are important biochemical intermediates in Glycolysis. [2]

3-phospho-Glyceric acid is an important molecule for the biosynthesis of a certain amino acid, Serine (Ser,S) which can therefore be used for the synthesis of Cysteine (Cys,C) and Glycine (Gly,G)


  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 4378.
  2. ^ Reece, Jane B. (2009). Biology (8th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson. pp. 168–169. ISBN 978-0-8053-6844-4. 

2. J.Berg,J.L.Tymoczko,L.Stryer. Biochemistry,7th edition.