Kushe Aunsi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Gokarna Aunsi)
Kushe Aunsi
Image of Gokarneshwor Mahadev temple
People make pilgrimage to Gokarneshwor Mahadev temple on this day.
Official nameKushe Aunsi
Also calledGokarna Aunsi, Pitri Aunsi
Observed byNepali Hindus
SignificanceCelebration of paternal relationship
CelebrationsShraddha, gift-giving
DateBhādra māsa, kṛṣṇa pakṣa, amavasya tithi
2022 dateAugust 27

Kushe Aunsi (Nepali: कुशे औंसी; Gokarna Aunsi or Buwa ko Mukh Herne Din) is a Nepalese Hindu lunar festival of celebrating fatherhood and paternal bonds, equivalent to the Father's Day celebration.[1] The festival falls on the new moon day of the Hindu month of Bhadra (late August or early September). The cow-eared incarnation of lord ShivaGokarneswor Mahadev is also worshipped on this day.[2]

Many people go to pilgrimage to Gokarneswor Mahadev temple, located northeastern part of Kathmandu, and they bathe and make offerings.[1][3] People whose father has died also perform Shraddha (yearly death rituals).[4]


Explanatory note
Hindu festival dates

The Hindu calendar is lunisolar but most festival dates are specified using the lunar portion of the calendar. A lunar day is uniquely identified by three calendar elements: māsa (lunar month), pakṣa (lunar fortnight) and tithi (lunar day).

Furthermore, when specifying the masa, one of two traditions are applicable, viz. amānta / pūrṇimānta. Iff a festival falls in the waning phase of the moon, these two traditions identify the same lunar day as falling in two different (but successive) masa.

A lunar year is shorter than a solar year by about eleven days. As a result, most Hindu festivals occur on different days in successive years on the Gregorian calendar.

The festival falls on the day of new moon day known as Aunsi in Nepali. The word Kushe is derived from the word Kush, a holy plant in Hinduism. On this day, people bring new Kush plant into their home. The plant is worshipped as a symbol of Lord Bishnu.[5]

The festival is also commonly known as Buwa ko Mukh Herne Din, literally translated as 'day to see one's father's face' in Nepali language. The children worship their father, feed him sweets and delicacies, and give him a gift as a part of the celebration.[6]

The festival is also known as Gokarna Aunsi, literally translated as cow-eared (Gokarna) and new moon night (Aunsi).

Pitri Aunsi is another name of the festival. Pitri means spirits of the departed ancestors in Hindu culture. On this day, the spirits of the departed ancestors are also worshipped.

Moti Jayanti[edit]

The birth anniversary of the prominent Nepalese poet Motiram Bhatta is celebrated on this day every year. Bhatta was born on the day of Kushe Aunsi in 1866. He also died on the same day in 1896 at the age of 30.[7][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Padmakshi Rana, Gokarna Aunsi (Father Day), NepalHomePage Travel Guide, archived from the original on 2011-07-16, retrieved 2010-06-07
  2. ^ "आज कुशे औंसी तथा बावुको मुख हेर्ने दिन". Setopati (in Nepali). Retrieved 2022-08-28. कुशे ‍‍औंसीका दिन काठमाडौंको गोकर्णेश्वरमा ठूलो मेला लाग्छ । जसकारण आजको दिनलाई गोकर्ण ‍‍औंसीको नाम पनि दिइएको छ। कुशे ‍‍औंसीका दिन विशेष गरेर उत्तरगयाले प्रचलित काठमाडौंको उत्तरपूर्वी भेगस्थित गोकर्णेश्वरमा गएर श्राद्ध गरे मात्र पनि आफ्ना पितृहरु मोक्ष भइ स्वर्गमा वास गर्ने पौराणिक कथामा उल्लेख छ।
  3. ^ David Reed, James McConnachie (2002), The rough guide to Nepal, Rough Guide Travel Guides (5, illustrated ed.), Rough Guides, pp. 188, 204, ISBN 9781858288994
  4. ^ Gokarna Aunsi, the day for honouring fathers, nepalnews.com, September 8, 2002, archived from the original on 2012-09-19
  5. ^ "आज कुशे औंसी तथा बावुको मुख हेर्ने दिन". Online Khabar. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  6. ^ "आज कुशे औंसी, बुवाको मुख हेर्ने दिन". Online Khabar (in Nepali). Retrieved 2022-08-28. आजकै दिन छोराछोरीहरू आआफ्ना बाबुलाई मनपर्ने मिठाइ तथा भोजन गराई आदर सम्मान प्रकट गर्छन् । यसैकारण आजको दिनलाई 'बाबुको मुख हेर्ने' दिन र पितृ दिवस समेत भनिन्छ ।
  7. ^ "Moti Jayanti being observed". Nepal News. Retrieved 2022-08-02.
  8. ^ "Moti Jayanti observed". Himalayan Herald. 2021-09-07. Retrieved 2022-08-02.