Goldsaddle goatfish

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Goldsaddle goatfish
Yellowsaddle goatfish parupeneus cyclostomus.JPG
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Mullidae
Genus: Parupeneus
Species: P. cyclostomus
Binomial name
Parupeneus cyclostomus
(Lacépède, 1801)

See text

The goldsaddle goatfish or yellowsaddle goatfish, Parupeneus cyclostomus, is a species of goatfish native to the Indo-Pacific. It is a commercially important species, as well as being sought out as a game fish, though it has been reported as carrying the ciguatera toxin. It can also be found in the aquarium trade.[1]


This fish is usually colored yellow with a bluish sheen to the dorsal part, but with a golden yellow variant.[2] It can reach 50 cm (20 in) in total length, though most do not exceed 35 cm (14 in).[1]

Habitat and distribution[edit]

It occurs solitarily or in groups, in all areas of the coral reefs and detrital bottom area from 1 to 95 m deep.[3] It uses its barbels to probe holes and force out prey.

It is found in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea to South Africa, the Hawaiian Islands, and the Ryukyu Islands.[4]


Several other names have been applied to this species that have been subsequently determined to be junior synonyms:[1]

  • Mullus cyclostomus Lacépède, 1801
  • Pseudupeneus cyclostomus (Lacépède, 1801)
  • Mullus chryserydros Lacépède, 1801
  • Parupeneus chryserydros (Lacépède, 1801)
  • Mullus radiatus G. Shaw, 1803
  • Upeneus immaculatus E. T. Bennett, 1831
  • Upeneus luteus Valenciennes, 1831
  • Parupeneus luteus (Valenciennes, 1831)
  • Upeneus oxycephalus Bleeker, 1856
  • Upeneus chryserythrus Günther, 1873
  • Parupeneus xanthospilurus Bleeker, 1875
  • Mullus microps Bliss, 1883
  • Upeneus saffordi Seale, 1901
  • Pseudupeneus aurantiacus Seale, 1906


  1. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Parupeneus cyclostomus" in FishBase. December 2013 version.
  2. ^ Siliotti, A. (2002) fishes of the red sea Verona, Geodia ISBN 88-87177-42-2
  3. ^ Lieske, E. and Myers, R.F. (2004) Coral reef guide; Red Sea London, HarperCollins ISBN 0-00-715986-2
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Parupeneus cyclostomus" in FishBase. 5 2007 version.