Good Night (Beatles song)

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This article is about the Lennon–McCartney song. For other songs of the same/similar title, see Good Night (disambiguation).
"Good Night"
Song by the Beatles from the album The Beatles
Released 22 November 1968
Recorded 28 June 1968
Genre Orchestral pop, lullaby
Length 3:11
Label Apple Records
Writer(s) Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s) George Martin

"Good Night" is a song by the Beatles on their 1968 album The Beatles (also known as the White Album). It is the last song on the album. It is sung by Ringo Starr, the only Beatle to appear on the track. The music is provided by an orchestra arranged and conducted by George Martin.


John Lennon wrote the song as a lullaby for his five-year-old son Julian.[1]

George Martin's arrangement is lush, and intentionally so. Lennon is said to have wanted the song to sound "real cheesy", like a Gordon Jenkins-esque Old Hollywood production number. The musicians play the following instruments: twelve violins, three violas, three cellos, one harp, three flutes, one clarinet, one horn, one vibraphone, and one string bass. The Mike Sammes Singers also took part in the recording, providing backing vocals.

Starr became the third member of the group (after Paul McCartney and George Harrison) to record a song credited to the group without the other members performing (Lennon was the fourth with "Julia"). The song ends with Starr whispering the words: "Good night... Good night, everybody... Everybody, everywhere... Good night."


The song makes three appearances on the Beatles' soundtrack to the Cirque du Soleil production of Love. It is used as a transition between "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" and "Octopus's Garden". It can be heard a minor third lower than originally recorded. After the orchestral intro to the third verse of "Good Night", the same orchestral accompaniment is played over a sample of Starr freely, slowly singing the opening words to "Octopus's Garden". Later, at the end of the show, after the strains of "All You Need Is Love" have faded out, the orchestral coda of "Good Night", in its original key, G major (as well as the last bits of dialogue in the Beatles' fan club-exclusive Christmas album) brings the album to a close.

Covers and other uses[edit]

The song has been covered by several artists, including Jarvis Cocker, Pedro Aznar, the Carpenters, Ramsey Lewis, Kenny Loggins, Linda Ronstadt, Cyril Stapleton, the Manhattan Transfer, Matthew Sweet, and Monkees drummer Micky Dolenz and the "Forces Sweetheart" Vera Lynn who released it as a single and performed it on a BBC TV variety show. Barbra Streisand recorded it in 1969 for her album What About Today? It was also chosen by the British band Coldplay to play out after the band had left the stage at concerts on their 2005–2006 Twisted Logic Tour.

A fragment of a rehearsal and take 34 of the song, along with an overdub of the orchestra from the close of the released version is heard on the 1996 Beatles compilation album, Anthology 3

A one-second clip of the song is heard on the Paul McCartney album Liverpool Sound Collage at 3:38 on the track "Plastic Beetle".

Joey de Leon, Tito Sotto and Vic Sotto covered the song in their Tough Hits segment.

Teri Hatcher performed the song on the 2006 charity album Unexpected Dreams – Songs From the Stars.

The song is also featured in the children's video Kidsongs "Good Night Sleep Tight"

Ekkehard Ehlers sampled the orchestra on his composition 'John Cassavetes Part 2'.

The song was featured in closedowns on ATN-7 in Sydney, Australia during the 1980s.

Noni Hazlehurst recorded a cover of the song on her 1988 album release "Shout and Whisper".

Argentinean singer Pedro Aznar recorded a cover of the song in his 2013 album Mil noches y un instante, Spanish for A thousand nights and one instant.

Jarvis Cocker performed a cover of the song during the 'Wireless Nights' Prom at the Royal Albert Hall, London, on 10 September 2015, accompanied by the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra.


Personnel per Ian MacDonald[2]


  1. ^ Sheff 2000, p. 200.
  2. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 294.


External links[edit]