Gopher (train)

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The Gopher and Badger were trains operated by the Great Northern Railway and then Burlington Northern Railroad until the start of Amtrak between Saint Paul, Minnesota and the Twin Ports of Superior, Wisconsin and Duluth, Minnesota. The Great Northern introduced the services with two six-car streamlined trainsets on April 26, 1952. The two consists operated as the Badger for the morning trains #19 and #20, which operated in both directions as all-stop locals in 3 hours 58 minutes over the 160-mile (260 km) route. The late afternoon/early evening trains #23 and #24 operated as the Gopher, over the same route, but as limited-stop express trains in 3 hours 30 minutes. In addition to Saint Paul and the Twin Ports, the Gopher stopped in Minneapolis, Cambridge, and Sandstone, Minnesota[1] That's nearly the same route as the proposed Northern Lights Express, except the NLX is not currently planned to serve Saint Paul.

The trains utilized six of the pre-World War II Empire Builder 58-seat luxury coaches, with four of these remaining as-built, and two converted to 44-seat coaches with galley for train service by an attendant at one's seat. Each consist was assigned a baggage/railway post office car with a 30-foot (9.1 m) RPO section; initially, one consist operated with a heavyweight, the other a lightweight. Each consist also carried a streamlined baggage express car built by the Great Northern Railway themselves; this car only operated in each day's Gopher schedule. Each consist then carried one of the 44-seat galley coaches and two of the 58-seat luxury coaches. The last car in each consist was a café parlor observation rebuilt by GN shops from heavyweight coaches the railroad had purchased at the beginning of the war from Pullman as parlor cars for rebuilding as coaches.

The entire consists were painted in Omaha Orange and Pullman Green paint with the gold Scotch-lite lettering and separation stripes paint scheme most commonly referred to as "Empire Builder". Even as there were variations in the consists regarding the baggage/railway post office cars, the power was even more interesting with one set powered by an A-B set of EMD F7s and the other train set powered by an EMD E7A.

Train consists
Consist 1 Car type Consist 2
267A EMD F7A 1,500 hp (1,100 kW) diesel passenger cab unit
267B EMD F7B 1,500 hp diesel passenger booster unit
EMD E7A 2,000 hp (1,500 kW) Diesel passenger cab unit 508
81 Heavyweight Baggage 30’ Railway Post Office Car 87
271 Baggage-Express Car 270
945 Train Service Galley 44 Revenue seat Coach 944
948 58 Revenue seat Coach 946
949 58 Revenue seat Coach 947
1083 Twin Cities 10-seat Dining Café 26 seat Parlor Observation car 1084 Twin Ports

The #1084 Twin Ports parlor observation car survives today, although the tail end has been modified. It has been owned by the Minnesota Transportation Museum since 1979.[2]


  1. ^ "Great Northern 1952 'Gopher' and 'Badger'". Minnesota Transportation Museum. Retrieved September 18, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Great Northern 1084 'Twin Ports': Streamlined Buffet-Parlor-Observation Car". Minnesota Transportation Museum. Retrieved September 18, 2010.