G. M. B. Dobson
|Born||George Miller Bourne Dobson
25 February 1889
|Died||11 March 1975(aged 86)|
|Institutions||University of Oxford|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
|Known for||Dobson ozone spectrophotometer|
|Notable awards||FRS (1927)|
Research and career
He was appointed University Lecturer in Meteorology, Oxford. By studying meteorites he noticed that the temperature profile of the tropopause was not constant, as had previously been believed (hence the name stratosphere). In fact there was, he showed, a region where the temperature sharply rose. This, he proposed, was happening because UV radiation was heating ozone in what has become known as the ozone layer. He noted the connection between sunspots and weather, and measured the ultraviolet levels of our star. He built the first Dobson ozone spectrophotometers and studied the results over many years. The Dobson unit, a unit of measurement of vertically integrated atmospheric ozone density, is named after him. The Brewer-Dobson circulation is a semi-eponymous model of atmospheric currents that explains the distribution of ozone by latitude.
Awards and honours
- Houghton, John T.; Walshaw, C. D. (1977). "Gordon Miller Bourne Dobson. 25 February 1889 -- 11 March 1976". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 23 (0): 40–57. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1977.0003. ISSN 0080-4606.
- Dobson G. M. B. (1968). "40 Years Research on Atmospheric Ozone at Oxford - A History" (PDF). Applied Optics 7 (3): 387–405. Bibcode:1968ApOpt...7..387D. doi:10.1364/AO.7.000387. PMID 20068600.
- Dobson G. M. B. (1973). "The laminated structure of the ozone in the atmosphere". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 99 (422): 599–607. doi:10.1256/smsqj.42201.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 20 December 2010.[dead link]
- "Presidents of the Society". Royal Meteorological Society. Retrieved 20 December 2010.