|Motto||Dura Virum Nutrix
(Latin: "A Stern Nurse of Men")
Independent day and boarding
|Religion||Church of England|
|Headmaster||Andrew P. Fleck|
|DfE URN||112451 Tables|
|Former Pupils||Old Sedberghians|
- 1 History
- 2 Junior School
- 3 House System
- 4 Extracurricular activities
- 5 Traditions
- 6 Buildings and features
- 7 Headmasters
- 8 Notable Old Sedberghians
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Roger Lupton was born at Cautley in the parish of Sedbergh, then situated in Yorkshire, in 1456 and he provided for a Chantry School in Sedbergh in 1525 while he was Provost of Eton. By 1528, land had been bought, a school built, probably on the site of the present school library, and the foundation deed had been signed. Lupton's subsequent generous gift to the school's Sedbergh scholars of numerous scholarships and fellowships to St John's College, Cambridge succeeded in binding the school to St John's and gave the Cambridge college power over the appointment of Sedbergh's Headmasters. Lupton's statutes state that if any of the last four of the St John's College scholarships are left vacant for a year, unless for a reason approved by the provost and fellows of King's College Cambridge, the lands are to revert to Lupton's next of kin. Lupton added that he was certain that St John's would not be found negligent in so pious a work. It was this link to St John's that probably saved Sedbergh in 1546-48 when most chantries were dissolved and their assets seized by Henry VIII's Commission.
Sedbergh was re-established and re-endowed as a Grammar School in 1551 and the fortunes of the school in the coming centuries seem to have depended very much on the character and abilities of the Headmasters with pupil numbers fluctuating and reaching as low a total as 8 day boys in the early 19th century.
One particularly successful period was during the Headship of John Harrison Evans (1838–1861) who restored the prestige and achievements of the school and also funded the building of the Market Hall and Reading Room in the town. By 1857, the fellowships and scholarships which, since Lupton's time, had formed this link between the Sedbergh scholars and St John's College, ceased to be specially connected with Sedbergh. By 1860, the Lupton scholarships were combined and re-arranged under the name of the Lupton and Hebblethwaite Exhibitions.
A more independent Governing Body was established in 1874 in a successful bid to maintain Sedbergh's independence (amalgamation with Giggleswick had been suggested) and the first meeting took place in The Bull Inn in Sedbergh in December.
In the 1870s there was a tremendous amount of development and building work at Sedbergh, under the careful eye of the Headmaster, Frederick Heppenstall. This included the Headmaster's House (now School House), classrooms, a chapel and four other boarding Houses.
Henry George Hart took over as headmaster in 1880 and his tenure saw a new chapel built in 1897, the founding of the Old Sedberghian Club in 1897/98, the creation of the prefectorial system, the inaugural Wilson Run and the confirmation of the School motto "Dura Virum Nutrix" (Stern Nurse of Men).
In 1989 the number of boys in the school exceeded 500 for the first time, during the headship of Dr R G Baxter. Two years later a new coat of arms was granted to the school and it was visited by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and HRH the Duke of Edinburgh.
In 2005 the school was one of fifty of the country's leading private schools which were found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel which had allowed them to drive up fees for thousands of parents. Each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared.
The governing body decided to open the school to girls in 1999 and the first girls were admitted in 2001. While the pupils are still predominantly boys, the number of girls attending has increased dramatically since the move into coeducation. The previous headmaster, Christopher Hirst, brought in the change to co-educational schooling from single-sex which led to considerable criticism, especially from old boys, as he had previously publicly stated that he "would resign before allowing Sedbergh to admit girls".
In January 2009 the Junior School moved from Bentham to join the senior school in Sedbergh. The Junior School has accommodation for both day and boarding boys and girls aged 3–13. On 26 February 2013, it was announced that the School would merge with Casterton School.
Despite its long history, The Good Schools Guide notes how “Sedbergh has faced up to the demands of the 21st Century but managed to retain traditional values and ethos. Its increasing numbers indicate parents very much approve. It rightly retains its formidable reputation on the sports field but away from it, provides a happy and caring environment for all its pupils regardless of ability or sports prowess.”
|Type||Preparatory day and boarding|
|DfE URN||121739 Tables|
|Website||Sedbergh Junior School|
The junior school was opened in 2002. It was previously located on the site of the former Bentham Grammar School after it was closed and Sedbergh took over its premises. In 2009 it moved to a site next to the main school. The school relocated again in September 2013 to the site of the former Casterton School for girls and is now known as Casterton, Sedbergh Preparatory School. Casterton was absorbed into Sedbergh, with senior girls transferring to the main school and junior pupils remaining at the Casterton campus. Boarding is offered to Junior School pupils aged 8 and above.
Like most traditional public schools, the house system is incorporated with the boarding programme and most pupils are boarders. Most pupils at Sedbergh live in a boarding house, of which there are eight (six for boys, two for girls) chosen when applying to the school. It is here that he or she both sleeps and takes their daily meals. Day pupils are fully integrated into the programme and participate in activities. Houses compete amongst one another in school competitions such as debating, academic challenge (a University Challenge style quiz) and 'House Unison' (a traditional singing competition), and in particular in sporting competitions, for example the seriously contested Senior Seniors (Inter-House rugby) and the Wilson Run. Each house has an official name, most, illustrious Old Sedberghians or Headmasters.
Each house also has a set of house colours, which adorns the blazers of boys and girls in fifth form and below as well as on various house sports clothing. Pupils who throughout their school career demonstrate great service to their house are awarded their house colours by their Housemaster/ mistress. Sedberghians take immense pride in being awarded house colours which take the form of a scarf and a tie in the colours of their house.
The boarding houses also each have their own house magazine, named after the emblem of the house (for example, the magazine of Hart House is called The Jay), written and edited by the pupils within the house.
Sedbergh Junior School also has Cressbrook House for boarding boys and Marshall House as the junior girls' house.
|Sedgwick||Boys||Red||Rouge et Noir|
- Cressbrook House (boys)
- Beale House (girls)
Clubs & societies
Sedbergh offers a wide range of outdoor pursuits as well as academic societies, most notably 'The Headmaster's Society' which is for Academic Scholars in the Sixth Form and chaired by the Headmaster. It is a forum for debate and discussion of major topical issues based upon papers delivered by the pupils and it also hosts talks given by intellectuals and public figures. In recent years the society has been addressed by the geneticist and sociologist Sir Tom Shakespeare, David Starkey, Lord Butler of Brockwell, Lord Bingham, Stephen O'Brien MP, David Lloyd (BBC foreign correspondent), Allan Little (BBC Special Correspondent), Tim Hames (Times columnist) and Nicholas Thomas Wright, the Bishop of Durham. The junior academic society is known as the 'Phoenix Society'.
Sedbergh's other academic club is the 'Dinner Debating Society' which meets twice termly for black-tie 'dinner debates' hosted by Housemasters. These are formal and exclusive affairs held over a three-course dinner, usually lit by candlelight. They comprise selected speakers drawn from each house; four debates take place on each occasion, which are then judged by three masters chosen by the chairman. Points are awarded to the winning pair, and there is a grand final at the end of the summer term where guests are invited to the dinner and to listen to the debates; the cup is awarded to the pair holding the most points at the end of the year.
Sedbergh's strongest and largest society is its Outdoor Pursuits Club that all pupils are encouraged to join. Activities organised in the local area by the Club include climbing, gill scrambling and pot-holing as well as mountain biking and fell walking. Pupils of all ages participate, learning new skills which are often useful for future involvements in The Duke of Edinburgh's Award, Combined Cadet Force and the overseas expeditions all organised from the School. The Club has in recent years run expeditions to Everest, Patagonia, Iceland, Norway, Baffin Island and Indonesia, and in 2009, to Nyasaland.
Sedbergh is renowned for producing rugby football players, including the England captains Wavell Wakefield, John Spencer and Will Carling, and the world cup winner Will Greenwood. Sedbergh is represented in the Rugby Union Guinness Premiership at the time of writing by seven players at first or second team level in four different clubs. In November 2010 the school rugby team was named "School Team of the Year" at the Aviva Daily Telegraph School Sport Matters Awards after going the entire past season undefeated.
Sedbergh School Cricket Club vs MCC
Anti-Assassins Rugby Club
The Anti-Assassins Rugby Club (A-As) was founded in 1950 when Sedbergh Old Boys, Stewart Faulds, Geoff and Arthur Kenyon were invited to pick a Northern team to play against the masters and Old Boys (The Assassins) of Sedbergh School. Now this invitational team plays as SpoonAAs (Spoon Anti-Assassins) as it raises funds for the Wooden Spoon charity.
As with many English public schools, Sedbergh has developed its own traditions unique to the school.
The Wilson Run
One of the unique school traditions is the Wilson Run, also known as the "Ten Mile" or "The Ten"; it is named after Bernard Wilson (the first housemaster of Sedgwick House). The race distance is just over 10 miles (10 miles 385 yards), about 7 miles of which crosses the surrounding fells with the rest going along roads. Pupils must qualify to take part in the race over an 11 mile training route which covers most of the race route. The race is one of the longest, hardest and most gruelling school runs in the country and has been a tradition for well over 100 years. The run has been cancelled only three times, owing to epidemic (1936), snow (1947) and the foot and mouth epidemic. The record time by Charles Ernest Pumphrey for the race stood unbroken at 1 hour, 10 mins and 16 seconds for almost a hundred years until it was dramatically broken by Charles "Chuck" Sykes in 1993 with a time of 1 hour, 8 minutes and 4.1 seconds. His record still stands today.
Winder is the school song for Sedbergh School, named after the fell that dominates the northern skyline of the school. The hill is a gateway to the Howgill Fells and school tradition dictates that pupils must climb it at least once during their time at Sedbergh.
The song is sung at all major school events such as the Wilson Run.
Buildings and features
The Cloisters at Sedbergh are a monument to old boys and masters of the school killed during the Great War and the Second War. The Cloisters were dedicated in 1924 and then re-dedicated after the Second World War. The Cloisters were restored and partially rebuilt in 2005 and on Remembrance Day again re-dedicated after an appeal had raised over £130,000 for the necessary work.
The School also has a separate memorial for Old Sedberghians awarded the Victoria Cross, of which there are four. Brigadier Jock Campbell who won the Military Cross in the First World War and the Victoria Cross at the battle of Sidi Rezegh in the Second and was a member of Evans House. Three of the Old Sedberghian winners of the Victoria Cross were Old Sedgwickians, RJT Digby-Jones at Wagon Hill in 1900 in the Boer War, George Ward Gunn at Sidi Rezegh in 1941 and Kenneth Campbell over Brest Harbour, also in 1941.
- 2010- Andrew P. Fleck
- 1995-2010 Christopher Halliwell Hirst
- 1982-1995 Roger George Baxter
- 1975-1982 Peter J. Attenborough
- 1954-1975 Gervase Michael Cobham Thornely
- 1937-1954 John Harold Bruce-Lockhart (O.S.)
- 1927-1936 G. B. Smith
- 1912-1926 William Nassau Weech
- 1907-1912 Frederic Blagden Malim
- 1900-1907 Charles Lowry
- 1880-1900 Henry George Hart
- 1875-1879 Rev. Frederick H. Heppenstall
- 1861-1874 Henry George Day
- 1838-1861 Rev. John Harrison Evans
- 1838 Hartley Coleridge (a.i.)
- 1819-1838 Henry Wilkinson
- 1799-1819 William Stevens
- 1782-1799 Christopher Hull (O.S.)
- 1746-1782 Wynne Batemen (O.S.)
- 1742-1746 William Broxholme
- 1709-1741 Dr. Samuel Saunders
- 1706-1709 Thomas Dwyer
- 1674-1706 Posthumus Wharton
- 1662-1674 Edward Fell (O.S.)
- 1657-1662 James Buchanan
- 1648-1656 Richard Jackson
- 1646-1648 Richard Garthwayte (O.S.) (a.i.)
- 1623-1646 Gilbert Nelson
- 1585-1623 John Mayer (O.S.)
- 1544-1570 Robert Hebblethwaite
- 1525-1543 Henry Blomeyr
Notable Old Sedberghians
- Major General Henry Templer Alexander DSO CBE, Army Commander
- Lt-Colonel John William Balfour Paul, DSO, Scottish Officer of Arms
- Major General "Jock" Campbell VC, a commander of the 7th Armoured Division and recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Flying Officer Kenneth Campbell VC, Royal Air Force pilot and recipient of the Victoria Cross
- General Sir Robert Archibald Cassels, GCB GCSI DSO, Indian Army officer
- Colonel Freddie Spencer Chapman DSO, naturalist, mountaineer, explorer, war hero
- Group Captain Walter Myers Churchill DSO DFC, Royal Air Force World War II
- Air Commodore Duncan le Geyt Pitcher CMG, CBE, DSO, RAF, Army and Royal Air Force
- Lieutenant Robert James Thomas Digby-Jones, Royal Engineers Officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Major-General Andrew Richard Gregory CB, British Army officer
- Second Lieutenant George Ward Gunn VC, Royal Horse Artillery Officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Major-General Jonathan David Shaw CBE, British Army officer and Assistant Chief of Defence Staff
- Admiral Sir Jock Slater GCB LVO DL, First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
- General Sir John Stuart Mackenzie Shea, British Army officer
- Wing Commander Kenneth Stoddart KCVO KStJ AE JP LLD, Battle of Britain Pilot
- Major General Michael Walsh CB DSO, British Army Officer and Chief Scout
Politics & law
- William George Ainslie, ironmaster and MP for North Lonsdale 1885–1892
- Glencairn Balfour Paul CMG, British Ambassador to Iraq, Jordan and Tunisia
- Thomas Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill, Senior Law Lord, former Master of the Rolls and Lord Chief Justice
- Brendan Bracken, 1st Viscount Bracken, Politician, businessman and associate of Winston Churchill.
- Sandy Bruce-Lockhart, Baron Bruce-Lockhart, OBE, Chairman of The Local Government Association
- Sir Alan Chambré, English judge
- Sir Hugh Cortazzi, Author, diplomat and prominent Japanologist
- Sir Maurice Dorman, Governor-General of Sierra Leone and Colonial Governor of Malta
- Professor Sir David Alexander Ogilvy Edward, Scottish lawyer and academic, and former Judge of the Court of Justice of the European Communities
- Edward John Eyre, Explorer and Governor of Jamaica.
- Sir Russell Fairgrieve, politician
- Sir Michael Bowen Hanley KCB, Head of MI5
- Baron Haskel of Higher Broughton, Labour Party politician
- Laurence Helsby, Baron Helsby, Head of British Civil Service
- John Lowther, 1st Viscount Lonsdale, First Lord of the Treasury and Lord Privy Seal
- H. Montgomery Hyde, author and politician
- James MacColl, politician
- Brian McConnell, Baron McConnell, Northern Ireland politician and member of the House of Lords
- Stephen O'Brien, Conservative Party Member of Parliament
- Sir John Otway, Lawyer and Royalist
- Sir Francis Powell, 1st Baronet, Conservative Party Member of Parliament
- Sir Robert Rhodes James, politician and author
- Sir Michael Alexander Geddes Sachs, First English solicitor appointed as a High Court judge
- Sir Giles Shaw, Politician. wrote his memoir, 'In The Long run' published by The Memoir Club
- Michael Shaw, Baron Shaw of Northstead, Politician
- David Waddington, Baron Waddington, British Home Secretary, Lord Privy Seal, Leader of the House of Lords, Governor of Bermuda.
- Robert Warnock, Circuit judge
- Sir John Alexander Willison, Kt, OBE, QPM, Chief Constable, Worcestershire & West Mercia
- David Wood, Circuit judge
- Montague Ainslie, Forester and businessman
- Adam Applegarth, Ex-CEO of Northern Rock bank
- Christian Bjelland, Norwegian businessman and chairman of the National Gallery of Norway
- Sir Christopher Bland, Chairman of B.T. Group, businessman and former Chairman of the BBC
- John Charlesworth Dodgson-Charlesworth, Colliery owner and M.P.
- Sir Roger Gifford, Banker, Alderman and Lord Mayor of London
- Sir Robert Minshull Shone, Economist and Public Servant
- Sir (John) Hubert Worthington, English architect
The arts, literature & humanities
- Alan Macfarlane, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Kings College, Cambridge.
- Hordley Acres, Pioneering Irish broadcaster
- John Arden, dramatist
- Sir John Christopher Malcolm Baynes, 7th Bt., Author
- Stephen Beard, Television actor
- Simon Beaufoy, Screenwriter and 2009 Oscar winner for Slumdog Millionaire. Wrote The Full Monty.
- Leonard Boden, Scottish portrait painter
- Timothy Birdsall, cartoonist
- Colin Blakely, British character actor
- J. B. Blanc, British film actor
- William George Clark, English classical and Shakespearean scholar
- Henry Wilkinson Cookson, five times Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
- Ernest Crawley, English schoolmaster, sexologist, anthropologist, sports journalist and exponent of ball games
- Hugh I'Anson Fausset, literary critic, biographer, poet and religious writer
- Arthur Foxton Ferguson, English baritone, lecturer and German translator
- Assheton Gorton, production designer and Academy Award nominee
- Francis Llewellyn Griffith, British Egyptologist
- Rab Bruce Lockhart, Scottish educationist and rugby union player
- Phillip Mason, author of The Men Who Ruled India
- Colin Matthew, historian and the first editor of the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Jim Muir, BBC Middle East correspondent
- Geoffrey Newland, actor
- Barry Pain, journalist, poet and writer
- Adam Rickitt, actor, singer, model and one time Conservative parliamentary candidate
- F. A. Ridley, historian and Marxist
- Simon Slater, musician and TV and film actor
- Richard Smyth, English school headmaster and cricketer.
- Archibald Strong, Australian scholar and poet
- Richard Suart, Opera singer and actor
- Mark Umbers, actor - theatre and film
- Roger Vignoles, piano accompanist
- John Dawson Watson, British painter and illustrator
- James Wilby, actor
- William John Woodhouse, classical scholar and author
Science & exploration
- Peter Addyman, British archaeologist
- Wilfred Eade Agar, Anglo-Australian zoologist
- Anthony Askew, Physician and book collector
- Peter Barwick, English physician and author
- George Birkbeck, doctor, academic, philanthropist and early pioneer in adult education
- Christopher Chippindale, Stonehenge archaeologist
- John Cranke, mathematician and mentor
- John Dawson, Surgeon and mathematician
- G. M. B. Dobson, Fellow of the Royal Society and President of the Royal Meteorological Society
- Anthony Fothergill, Physician
- John Fothergill, Physician, plant collector, philanthropist
- Thomas Garnett, English physician and natural philosopher
- Thomas Gaskin, Clergyman and academic, now known for contributions to mathematics
- John Hammersley, British mathematician
- John Haygarth, physician who discovered the benefits of segregating/quarantining sick patients
- John Hymers, English mathematician, Fellow of The Royal Society and founder of Hymers College
- John Walter Guerrier Lund, CBE FRS, English psychologist
- Dr Digby McLaren, Geologist and palaeontologist
- Edward Max Nicholson, Founder of the World Wildlife Fund
- George Peacock, English mathematician
- Sir Isaac Pennington, Physician
- James Hogarth Pringle, Pioneer in surgical practice
- Adam Sedgwick, Founder of modern geology
- Edmund Sharpe, Architect and engineer
- Robert Swan OBE, Polar explorer: the first man in history to walk to both the North and South Poles
- Roger Cuthbert Wakefield, Surveyor
- Robert Willan, the father of modern dermatology
- Mark Alexander Wynter-Blyth, Lepidopterist and schoolmaster
- Professor Ian Young OBE, Engineering innovator in medicine
- David Barnes, Chairman of the Professional Rugby Players' Association
- Rob Elloway, German rugby union international
- Carl Fearns, rugby union
- John Bruce-Lockhart, Scottish cricketer and schoolmaster
- Jordan Clark, Professional cricketer - fifth ever to score six sixes in an over
- Logie Bruce Lockhart, Scotland rugby union player and headmaster of Gresham's School
- Will Carling OBE, England rugby union captain
- Ewan Dowes rugby league
- Phil Dowson England rugby union player
- Simon Cross rugby union
- Will Greenwood MBE, England rugby union player
- Jamie Harrison, cricketer
- Peter Kininmonth, Scotland rugby union captain
- Mike McCarthy Ireland Rugby Union international
- Mandy Mitchell-Innes, England cricketer
- James Simpson-Daniel England rugby union player
- John Spencer, England rugby union captain
- David Tait, rugby union
- Freddie Tait, golfer
- Wavell Wakefield, 1st Baron Wakefield of Kendal England rugby union captain
- John Barwick, Royalist churchman and Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral
- Francis Blackburne, Archdeacon
- Archbishop Henry Lowther Clarke, first Archbishop of Melbourne
- Ingram Cleasby, Dean of Chester
- Venerable John Duckett, Catholic priest and martyr
- Sir George Fleming, Bishop of Carlisle
- Thomas Kipling, Early churchman and academic
- The Rt Rev Christopher Charles Luxmoore, Bishop of Bermuda
- The Very Reverend William Stuart MacPherson, Dean of Lichfield
- Right Reverend Christopher Mayfield, Bishop of Wolverhampton and Bishop of Manchester
- Richard Parkinson, Canon of Manchester Cathedral, college principal, theologian and antiquarian
- The Very Rev. Michael David Saville Peck, Dean of Lincoln
- The Rt Rev Reginald Richard Roseveare, CBE, Anglican bishop
- Rev James Maurice Wilson, Theologian and Astronomer
- Right Reverend Tom Wright, Bishop of Durham and a leading British New Testament scholar.
- The School
- "Termly Fees List" (PDF). Sedbergh School. 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- History of the school
- Arthur Francis, Leach. "Early Yorkshire Schools". Cambridge University Press 18 avr. 2013 - Originally published by the Yorkshire Archaeological Society in 1903, page 296. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- William, Thomas. "Sedbergh, Garsdale, and Dent : peeps at the past history and present condition of some picturesque Yorkshire dales". Leeds: Richard Jackson 1910 - Page 127. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "OFT names further trustees as part of the independent schools settlement". Office of Fair Trading. 21 December 2006.
- "School to answer unfair trading allegations". Westmorland Gazette. 25 November 2005.
- "School welcomes girls". Westmorland Gazette. 7 September 2001.
- "New location: Junior on a high". North West Evening Mail. 19 January 2009.
- "Music and academic focus for Sedbergh School". Westmorland Gazette. 18 October 2010.
- "A leader in sporting tradition". Westmorland Gazette. 13 January 2006.
- "School Sport - English fell title for South Lakes pupils". Westmorland Gazette. 14 October 2010.
- "Rugby - Sedbergh Trio in England U18 squad". Westmorland Gazette. 7 February 2007.
- "School sport: Sedbergh school wins Team of the Year accolade". Westmorland Gazette. 15 November 2010.
- "County net invitation". North West Evening Mail. 13 February 2004.
- Historic England. "Chapel at Sedbergh School (1384171)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, pp. 146–147, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8
- BINGHAM OF CORNHILL’, Who's Who 2008, A & C Black, 2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 29 Nov 2008
- ‘ARDEN, John’, Who's Who 2008, A & C Black, 2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 29 Nov 2008
- "Sedbergh's glittering old boy - Slumdog Simon". North West Evening Mail. 27 February 2009.
- ‘AGAR, Wilfred Eade’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 29 Nov 2008
- "RUGBY: Another England star from Sedbergh". Westmorland Gazette. 6 November 2002.
- "Player profile: Jamie Harrison". CricketArchive. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- "England go for Sedbergh double act". Westmorland Gazette. 8 November 2002.
- School Website
- Old Sedberghian Club
- Profile on the ISC website
- ISI Inspection Reports - Junior School & Senior School
- School League Tables for Cumbria - Daily Telegraph Website