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Gordon Stifler Seagrave (18 March 1897 – 28 March 1965) was a Burmese-born American missionary, physician and author.
Life and career
Born in Rangoon, he was the son of American Baptist missionaries Rev. Albert Ernest Seagrave and Alice Vinton. Seagrave followed their path and became a missionary and medical doctor in Burma. He was sometimes referred to by the title of his book, "Burma Surgeon", or as Gordon Surgeon Seagrave. His first language as a boy was Karen. He died at his hospital at Namhkam, Burma on 28 March 1965.
He was married on 11 September 1920 to Marion Grace "Tiny" Morse. They had four children: Leslie Mae, b. 1921 in Baltimore, MD; Weston M.; John H.; and Sterling V., a journalist and author.
Seagrave graduated from Denison University in 1917 and Johns Hopkins University in 1921. He practiced medicine and surgery on the China border of Burma for nearly 20 years. He joined the US Army Medical Corps in 1942, worked with Gen. Joseph Stilwell and served with the Chinese New 6th Army through the Burma Campaign in the China-Burma-India Theater. He helped Stillwell's walking retreat into India in 1941. He walked back in to work in 1945. He served as chief medical officer for the Shan States of Burma with the British military government from 1945-46.
He was arrested and charged with treason by the newly independent Burmese government in 1950. He chose to stand trial rather than be perceived as fleeing. He was sentenced in January 1951 to six years at hard labor, on charges that he wrote a letter that helped Karen rebels arrest a government commissioner, and that he gave medical help to the Karen rebels. The sentence was later reduced to six months, and in November 1951 the verdict was overturned by Burma's three-man Supreme Court and he was declared not guilty. He suffered dysentery and malaria in part from his time in jail.
Seagrave wrote six books: "Waste Basket Surgery" 1930 (ISBN B00085KS2C); "Tales of a Waste Basket Surgeon" 1939/1942 (ISBN B000N2D88Q); "Burma Surgeon" 1943 (ISBN 9780103000664); "Adventure in Burma told in pictures" 1944 (ISBN B0007F3I5C); "Burma Surgeon Returns" 1946 (ISBN B0007DM8VY); and "My Hospital in the Hills" 1955 (ISBN B0007DN35Y); and he co-authored "The life of a Burma Surgeon" with Chester Bowles 1961 (ISBN B0007E0X1A).
- "Dr. Seagrave Dies of a Heart Illness", Dallas Morning News, 29 March 1965
- The Burma Road. World War II History Info. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Lt Col Dr Gordon Seagrave treats the wounded soldiers in Burma and U.S. transport planes drop supplies at jungle outposts. Critical Past. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Hot potato. Time. November 13, 1950. Retrieved February 1, 1950.
- Sea of troubles. Time. January 29, 1951. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- Final verdict. Time. November 19, 1951. Retrieved February 1, 2015.