Governor's Mansion (Tobolsk, Russia)

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Coordinates: 58°11′38″N 68°14′37″E / 58.19389°N 68.24361°E / 58.19389; 68.24361

The main entrance
The Governor's Mansion around 1920.

The Governor's Mansion (Russian: Дом губернатора), also known as Kuklin House (Russian: Дом Куклина) is a building in Tobolsk, Russia. It was the home of the governor of Siberia prior to the February Revolution of 1917. The house, which is located on 10, Mira Street (Russian: Улица Мира) in the area of Tobolsk below the Kremlin (Podgora), is protected by Russian Federal government as a historical monument.[1]

History[edit]

The house was built by merchant Ivan Kuklin in the 1790s, after a disastrous fire of 1788 which destroyed the major part of Podgora. Kuklin went bankrupt in 1817, and the house was confiscated by the authorities. Since 1817, it was the seat of the governor of Tobolsk Governorate.[2]

In its function as a governor's mansion, the house has seen a number of notable visitors.

In 1800, the playwright August von Kotzebue who was exiled to Siberia, reported to the Governor's Mansion and noted that it still "appeared partly in ruins" on account of the fire. [3]

The decembrists who were sentenced to the exile in Tobolsk had to visit the house. On 12 August [O.S. 31 July] 1917, the former Russian Emperor Nicholas II, who lost power when he abdicated in response to the February Revolution of 1917; his wife; five children; and forty-five retainers were imprisoned in the mansion. They remained there until April 1918, when they were transferred to the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg and eventually executed.[4]

The mansion is built in the style of classicism and is highly regarded as an architectural monument.[4] It was also one of the first stone buildings in Tobolsk Podgora.[5]

Currently, the mansion belongs to the Tobolsky District administration.[6] In 1996, the Emperor's study was open as a museum.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Дом генерал-губернатора, в котором в 1836-1851 гг. бывали многие декабристы по делам, связанным с пребыванием их на поселении (in Russian). ФГУП ГИВЦ Минкультуры России. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  2. ^ Brumfield, William Craft. "Kuklin House (1790s; after 1817)". The World Digital Library (WDL). Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  3. ^ von Kotzebue, August (1802). The Most Remarkable Year of the Life of August von Kotzebue. London: Translated by Rev. Benjamin Beresford. pp. 237 et seq (vol i). Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Перечень объектов культурного наследия, расположенных в г.Тобольске (здания и сооружения) (in Russian). Tyumen Oblast administration. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Ожгибесова, Ольга (2006). Горькая участь памятников, или один день в Тобольске. Уральский следопыт (in Russian) (7). 
  6. ^ Лазаревич, К. С. (2001). Бывшая столица Сибири. География (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2011-09-27.