GrOnk

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grOnk, or GRoNK, was a seminal Canadian literary magazine begun in 1967 by bpNichol, David Aylward, Rah Smith (i.e. Robert Hindley-Smith), and David UU (David W. Harris). An offshoot of ""Ganglia"" magazine (founded in Toronto, Ontario, in 1965 by bpNichol and David Aylward), grOnk began with material gathered for its 6th issue & became a monthly publication focusing on concrete poetry and "the language revolution" underway in Canada at the time, principally in Toronto and Vancouver.

One of Canada's longest running early little magazines, grOnk ran for well over 100 issues in a wide variety of formats & utilizing diverse print technologies such as rubberstamp, mimeography, offset and later xerography, including many hand-wrought additions (for examples, John Riddell's "A hOle in the Head" included many handcoloured pages & scissor-cut windows, while jwcurry's "AS IS OR WITH" was drawn entirely by hand throughout the edition). David UU (David W. Harris) was co-editor for the first series (8 issues, 1967), and editor of most of the 7th series (5 of 8 issues, 1971).

grOnk ended in 1988 with the death of bpNichol, although some numbers have continued to be issued in the "grOnk Inadmissible Series" by Nicky Drumbolis's Letters & jwcurry's Room 302 Books.

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