Born in the Yallourn Hospital in Gippsland, Victoria, he lived his first five years in Moe after which his family moved to Vermont in the outer eastern suburbs of Melbourne, where he attended Vermont Primary and Secondary Schools. Dodsworth moved to Hawthorn in 1969 and while attending Kew High School first heard Danny Spooner conducting workshops demonstrating attitudes to the industrial revolution in England, transportation and other aspects of Australian history via folk song performance.
Dodsworth began a performance career in 1971 with performances at The Outpost Inn, Frank Traynors, The Dan O'Connel Hotel, and Fogarty's Union Hotel in Melbourne. In 2001 he achieved a Master of Arts degree in Australian Studies from Monash University, his thesis being entitled "The Nature of Folk Song in Australia: Origins and Transmission". He was awarded the 2005 National Library of Australia National Folk Festival Fellowship culminating in a concert in the Budawang Theatre at the National Folk Festival and in the foyer of the National Library of Australia in 2005.
Dodsworth demonstrated the results of the above-mentioned fellowship research at the 2007 Conference of the Australasian Sound Recording Association, which also explored representation and portrayal techniques by national institutions.
Dodsworth's performance techniques include the use of DADGAD tunings for many of his arrangements of Australian folk songs. On his CD In Good King Arthur's Day, for instance, only one song is in normal tuning, four are in DADGAD and the rest in dropped D (DADGBE).
Dodsworth has written many articles for the Australian Folklore Journal and his MA thesis, The Nature of Folk Song in Australia, is available world-wide in paperback format.
- "Frank Traynor's Folk and Jazz Club History Project". Retrieved 2015-02-24.
- "Concert given by Graham Dodsworth in 2005 for the NLA NFF Folk Fellowship collection". Music Australia. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
- "Conference 2007 - Abstracts & Bios (A-Z)". Australasian Sound Recording Association. Retrieved 2012-04-30.