He was born at Cwmcarn, Monmouthshire, and educated at Pontywaun Grammar School, the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, and at Jesus College, Oxford (which elected him to an Honorary Fellowship in 1958).
He was Director-General of the Meteorological Office from 1953 to 1965 and president of the Royal Meteorological Society from 1953 to 1955, being awarded their Symons Gold Medal for 1959.  He was knighted in 1955.
In 1958 Sutton was invited to co-deliver the Royal Institution Christmas Lecture.
He was Vice-President of the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth from 1967.
- Pasquill, F.; Sheppard, P. A.; Sutcliffe, R. C. (1978). "Oliver Graham Sutton 4 February 1903-26 May 1977". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society (Royal Society) 24. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1978.0017.
- "Sutton, Sir (Oliver) Graham". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press. December 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "Library and Archive catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- "SUTTON, Sir OLIVER GRAHAM". The National Library of Wales. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- "Winners of the IMO Prize". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
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