Grand Prix gliding

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FAI Sailplane Grand Prix
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event FAI World Grand Prix 2012-2013
Sport Gliding
Founded 2005
Continent International (FAI)
Most recent
champion(s)
Italy Giorgio Galetto
Most titles Poland Sebastian Kawa (3)
Official website http://www.sgp.aero/

FAI World Grand Prix Gliding Championships are gliding competitions promoted by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) for gliders that are both more spectacular and more easily understood by the public than conventional gliding competitions.

Origins[edit]

Diana 2 racing glider over the Andes during competition training before World Grand Prix, picture taken from a rival's glider

Gliding competitions existed before the Second World War but as the technologies evolved, the performance of the gliders has taken them away from the public view. Furthermore the scoring is complex and gliders can start at different times. Proposals were made in 1970[1] but it was not until 2005 that first world gliding competition in Grand Prix format was held in France at Saint Auban. This was at the Salon Européen du Vol à Voile (European Sailplane Show/Exhibition) in 2005 as part of the FAI's marketing strategy to promote the sport of gliding by establishing annual international competitions.

Competition formula[edit]

In a gliding Grand Prix the gliders race in competition close together around a pre-set task. A smaller number of competitors reduces the risks of the simultaneous start. A place-scoring system provides rewards for excellence without unduly punishing a poor performance.

  • A task, typically 2-3 hour in duration and between 200 and 400 km in length is set.
  • All gliders start at the same time (similar to a yacht race).
  • The gliders must cross the short start line not above a set height and not faster than a set maximum speed.
  • The start/finish line is generally close to the airfield so that it can be observed by spectators.
  • Gliders race around the task. No team flying is permitted. The first one home wins as they all started at the same time and there is no handicapping.
  • A place scoring system is used, with 1 point for every finisher you beat, plus a bonus point for coming home first. (similar to a Motor Grand Prix).

Scoring[edit]

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Points 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

Tactics[edit]

  • Pilots aim to fly as fast as possible, because there is little incentive to keep fellow competitors in sight to preserve a big lead overall by only losing by a few points on a given day[2]
  • Flying around the task with a group of other gliders is often not beneficial, because if you come home only a few seconds behind the group, you could lose many points[2]
  • The aim is to be in front at the finish, so making bold tactical moves can mean a big difference in results[2]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Discussions between Nicholas Goodhart, George B. Moffat, Jr., Richard Schreder and Smith
  2. ^ a b c "The Evolution of U.S. Contest Soaring", John H. Cochrane, 2 October2010, Ralph S. Barnaby Lecture, faculty.chicagobooth.edu