Grapevine trunk disease

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Grapevine trunk diseases (GTD) are the most destructive diseases of vineyards worldwide. Fungicides (such as sodium arsenite or 8-hydroxyquinoline, used to fight esca) with the potential to control GTD have been banned in Europe and there are no highly effective treatments available. Action to develop new strategies to fight these diseases are needed.[1]

The following fungal species are responsible for grapevine trunk diseases:[2]


  1. ^ Action FA1303 at European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST)
  2. ^ Grapevine Trunk Diseases. symptoms and distribution (link
  3. ^ Botryosphaeria dothidea associated with grapevine trunk disease in south-eastern Australia. Y. Qiu, S. Savocchia, C. C. Steel and G. J. Ash, Australasian Plant Pathology, September 2008, Volume 37, Issue 5, pages 482-485, doi:10.1071/AP08045
  4. ^ Botryosphaeria spp. as grapevine trunk disease pathogens. Niekerk, J.M, P.H. Fourie, F. Halleen and P.W. Crous, Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 2006, volume 45, pages 43-54
  5. ^ a b Occurrence of grapevine trunk disease pathogens in rootstock mother plants in South Africa. P. H. Fourie and F. Halleen, Australasian Plant Pathology, June 2004, Volume 33, Issue 2, pages 313-315, doi:10.1071/AP04005
  6. ^ a b Identification and Pathogenicity of Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Diplodia seriata, the Causal Agents of Bot Canker Disease of Grapevines in Mexico. J. R. Úrbez-Torres, G. M. Leavitt, J. C. Guerrero, J. Guevara and W. D. Gubler, Plant Disease, April 2008, Volume 92, Number 4, pages 519-529, doi:10.1094/PDIS-92-4-0519

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